This article describes how Microsoft Word creates and
recovers AutoRecover (.asd) files (AutoSave in Word 7.x) when you select the
"Save AutoRecover Info every <n> Minutes" check box. (To locate this
option, click Options on the Tools menu and then click the Save tab.)
AutoRecover or AutoSave does not replace the Save command. You
should use the Save command to save your document at regular intervals and when
you finish working on it.
AutoRecover is only effective for unplanned
disruptions, such as a power outage or a crash. AutoRecover files are not
designed to be saved when a logoff is scheduled or an orderly shutdown occurs.
Setting the location for .asd files
If you do not set a location for AutoRecover files, Word places
them in the temporary directory.
set the .asd location, follow
- On the Tools menu, click
Options, and then click the File Locations
Note In Word 2007, follow these steps to open the File
Locations dialog box:
- Click the Microsoft Office Button, and
then click Word Options.
- In the left pane, click
- In the right pane, click File
Locations under General section.
- In the File Types box, click
Note In Word 7.x, click AutoSave.
- Click Modify.
- Enter the name of the folder in which you want Word to
store recovered documents.
- If a new folder location is needed, click Create
New Folder, type the new folder name, click OK, and
click OK to exit.
Word 97 and later versions of Word: The naming convention for
Word AutoRecover files is "AutoRecovery save of <document name>.asd,"
where <document name> is the file name of the document.
7.x: The naming convention for Word AutoSave files is ~Wra####.asd, where ####
is a number generated randomly by Windows.
Opening saved files
When you start Word, it searches for any .asd files. If Word
finds any, it does the following:
- Renames each .asd file to <document name>.wbk. In
Word 7.0 SR-2 or later, the extension is .wbk.
NOTE: The ####
numbers may not be the same as the .asd filename because Word avoids any naming
conflicts with existing .bak files.
- Opens all AutoRecover files.
- Deletes the AutoRecover file (the "AutoRecovery save of
<document name>.wbk" or the ~Wra####.bak file) when you do either of the
Save the recovered file.
Close the recovered file without saving it.
When files are renamed
Word renames the AutoRecover files in the case that the program
hangs (stops responding) when the AutoRecover file is opened. The next time
Word is started you see the following symptoms.
Microsoft Office Word 2007, Microsoft Office Word 2003, and Microsoft Word 2002
Word will start with the Document Recovery Task Pane listing the
available files that Word recovered. Following the name of the file will be a
status indicator that shows what was performed to the file during recovery. The
status of Original indicates the Original file based on last manual save. The
status of Recovered is the file recovered during recovery process or file saved
during a AutoRecover save process. The Document Recovery task pane lets you
open the files, view what repairs were made, and compare the recovered
versions. You can then save the version you want to use and delete the other
versions, or save all the open files to review later.
Word will start. If Word was able to detect a recovered file,
Word will start with the document open. In the title bar, the document is
listed as <original filename> (Recovered). You then have the option to
save the file back to the original name or to save as a different name.
Word encountered file corruption while
opening <filename>. Part of this document may be recoverable. Attempt
If you click Yes, Word attempts to recover all or part
of the file. If you click No, the .wbk file remains in the AutoRecovery
Word renames the AutoSave files in the case that program hangs
(stops responding) when you open the AutoSave file. If a problem occurs that
damages the AutoSave file, you can still recover your work using the
~Wra####.bak file, located in the AutoSave directory.
renames your .asd files, it does not automatically open the .bak files, so you
must open them manually by clicking Open on the File menu. To list all the .bak
files, type ~wra*.bak
in the File Name box.