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Article ID: 109939 - Last Review: January 18, 2007 - Revision: 2.1

 
This article was previously published under Q109939
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SUMMARY

In a Microsoft Access crosstab query, you can specify only one field or calculation as the value. Often, you may want to show more than one value in the query.

For example, the following example shows two columns of information per company, a count of the number of orders, and the order totals for each year:
   Company Name  1989 Orders  1989 Total  1990 Orders  1990 Total
   --------------------------------------------------------------
   ABC Company   12           $855.00     15           $1010.25
   XYZ Company   1017         $22045.57   1050         $25345.29
				
This type of query is sometimes called a Multiple Value Field query.

NOTE: A demonstration of the technique used in this article can be seen in the sample file, Qrysmp97.exe. For information about how to obtain this sample file, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
182568  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/182568/EN-US/ ) ACC97: Microsoft Access 97 Sample Queries Available in Download Center

MORE INFORMATION

In order to create a Multiple Value Fields crosstab query, you must create two separate crosstab queries with fixed column headings for each value you want to calculate. These two queries can then be joined, using a Select query to display the desired results.

The following example uses the sample database Northwind.mdb in Microsoft Access version 7.0 and Microsoft Access 97 (or NWIND.MDB in versions 2.0 or earlier) to create a query that displays results similar to the example above, showing the number of sales and total for each year for each company.

Step One: Create the Order Total Crosstab Query

To create the Order Total Crosstab query, follow these steps:
  1. Open the sample database Northwind.mdb (or NWIND.MDB in version 2.0 or earlier) and create the following crosstab query based on the Orders, Order Details, and the Customers tables.
          Query: Order Total
          ------------------
          Type: Crosstab Query
          Join: Customers.[CustomerID] <-> Orders.[CustomerID]
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Customer ID.
    
          Join: Orders.[OrderID] <-> Order Details.[OrderID]
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Order ID.
    
          Field: CompanyName
             Table Name: Customers
             Total: Group By
             Crosstab: Row Heading
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Company Name.
    
          Field: Expr1: Year([OrderDate]) & " " & "Order Total"
             Table Name:
             Total: Group By
             Crosstab: Column Heading
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Order Date.
    
          Field: Expr2: Sum(CCur([UnitPrice]*[Quantity]*(1.-[Discount])))
             Table Name:
             Total: Expression
             Crosstab: Value
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Unit Price.
    					
  2. Select the query by clicking anywhere on the gray area in the top half of the query grid. Click Query Properties on the View menu, select the Fixed Column Headings check box, and in the Fixed Column Headings box type the entries appropriate for your version of Microsoft Access:
          Version 1.x:      "1989 Order Total";"1990 Order Total";"1991 Order
                            Total";"1992 Order Total"
    
          Version 2.0:      "1991 Order Total";"1992 Order Total";"1993 Order
                            Total";"1994 Order Total"
    
          Version 7.0:      "1993 Order Total";"1994 Order Total";"1995 Order
                            Total"
    
          Version 97:       "1994 Order Total";"1995 Order Total";"1996 Order
                            Total"
    					
NOTE: In Microsoft Access versions 2.0, 7.0, and 97, the FixedColumnHeadings property is called Column Headings.

Step Two: Create the Order Count Crosstab Query

  1. Create the following Crosstab query based on the Orders and the Customers tables:
          Query: Order Count
          ------------------
          Type: Crosstab Query
          Join: Customers.[CustomerID] <-> Orders.[CustomerID]
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Customer ID.
    
          Field: CompanyName
             Table Name: Customers
             Total:      Group By
             Crosstab:   Row Heading
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Company Name.
    
          Field: Expr1: Year([OrderDate]) & " " & "Order Count"
             Table Name:
             Total: Group By
             Crosstab: Column Heading
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Order Date.
    
          Field: OrderID
             Table Name: Orders
             Total:      Count
             Crosstab:   Value
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Order ID.
    					
  2. Select the query by clicking anywhere on the gray area in the top half of the query grid. Click Query Properties on the View menu, select the Fixed Column Headings check box, and in the Fixed Column Headings box type the entries appropriate for your version of Microsoft Access:
          Version 1.x:      "1989 Order Count";"1990 Order Count";"1991 Order
                            Count";"1992 Order Count"
    
          Version 2.0:      "1991 Order Count";"1992 Order Count";"1993 Order
                            Count";"1994 Order Count"
    
          Version 7.0:      "1993 Order Count";"1994 Order Count";"1995 Order
                            Count"
    
          Version 97:       "1994 Order Count";"1995 Order Count";"1996 Order
                            Count"
    					
NOTE: In Microsoft Access versions 2.0, 7.0, 97, the FixedColumnHeadings property is called Column Headings.

Step Three: Create the Multiple Values Query

  1. Create a Select query based on the Order Total and Order Count Crosstab Queries. You will use CompanyName as well as the Order Total and Order Count fields for the years whose results you want to view. The example below uses the last two years of Order Total and Order Count in Microsoft Access 97.
          Query: Multiple Values
          ----------------------
          Join: Order Total.[CompanyName] <-> Order Count.[CompanyName]
    
          NOTE: In versions 1.x and 2.0, there is a space in Company Name.
    
          Field: CompanyName
             Table Name: Order Count
             Show: Yes
          Field: 1995 Order Count
             Table Name: Order Count
             Show: Yes
          Field: 1995 Order Total
             Table Name: Order Total
             Show: Yes
          Field: 1996 Order Count
             Table Name: Order Count
             Show: Yes
          Field: 1996 Order Total
             Table Name: Order Total
             Show: Yes
    					
Running the Multiple Values query results in a table that looks like the following:
 Company Name          1995 Order Count 1995 Order Total 1996 Order Count..
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alfred's Futterkiste  3                $2,022.50        3
 Ana Trujillo          2                  $799.75        1
 Antonio Moreno        5                $5,960.78        1
				

NOTE: This technique does not work if the field specified for the concatenation (Step One(expr1)) is a field in more than one of the tables joined in the query. There is no way to force the query to accept the table name in the expression without generating reserved error -1310. If you add the table name to the Table row, you generate a syntax error. If you leave the table name out completely, you generate an "ambiguous reference" error.

REFERENCES

For more information about crosstab queries, search for "crosstab queries, creating," and then "Create a crosstab query without using a wizard," using the Microsoft Access 97 Help Index.

APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Access 1.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 1.1 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 97 Standard Edition
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