This article describes how to use the mail merge feature in Word to create
labels. A mail merge involves merging a main document with a data source. A
main document contains the text and other items that remain the same in
each label. A data source contains the information that changes in each
label, such as the name and address of each recipient.
Merge fields, which you insert into the main document, instruct Word where
to print information from the data source. When you perform the mail merge,
Word replaces merge fields in the main document with information from the
data source. Each row (or record) in the data source produces a individual
The following procedure demonstrates how to perform a mail merge to create
Step 1: Main Document
Start a new document to create a new label, or open an existing document
used previously to merge labels.
- Open the document in Word. On the Tools menu, click Mail Merge.
The Mail Merge Helper dialog box appears.
- Under "1. Main Document," click Create, and then click Mailing Labels.
- Click Active Window.
The active document becomes the Mail Merge main document.
- Word returns to the Mail Merge Helper.
Step 2: Data Source
The data source contains the information that can vary in each label.
You can open an existing data source created in Word, or you can create a
new data source and fill in the addressee information.
NOTE: The data source can also be created in another program such
as Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Access, or you can use a personal address
book created in Microsoft Exchange or Schedule+, or you can use an ASCII
text file, or another delimited file.
- Under "2. Data Source," click Get Data.
- The options are to create a new data source, open an existing data
source, or Header Options. If you are using Word 7.0 or
Word 98 Macintosh Edition, use Address Book is also available.
Use the appropriate method for the type of data source you want to use:
Method 1: Create a New Data Source:
Method 2: Open an Existing Data Source:
- The Create Data Source dialog box appears with a list
of field names commonly used in form letters, mailing
labels, and envelopes. You can rename the fields and
remove the fields you don't need. To add field names,
type the name in the Field Name box, and then click
Add Field Name. Click OK when you're done.
Word prompts you to save the data source.
- Name the file and click OK.
Word displays a message with the options Edit Data Source
and Edit Main Document.
- Click Edit Data Source.
- The Data Form dialog box is displayed for you to enter your
addressee information. If there's no information for a particular
field, leave the box blank.
The set of information in each form makes up one data record.
After entering the information for a record, click Add New to move
to the next record. After adding all of your data, click OK.
- On the Tools menu, click Mail Merge. The Mail Merge Helper dialog box appears.
- Skip to the "Step 3--Edit Main Document" section later in this
Method 3: Use Address Book
- In the Mail Merge Helper dialog box, click Get Data.
- Click Open Data Source.
- From the list of files in the dialog box, select the data
source you want to use, and then click OK.
If the data source you want is not in the list of files,
click the appropriate drive and directory. Then select
the appropriate option in the List Files of Type box.
Word then displays a message to set up the main document.
- Click Set Up Main Document.
- Skip to the "Step Three--Edit Main Document" section later in
(Word 7.0 and Word 98 Macintosh Edition):
- In the Mail Merge Helper dialog box, click Get Data and select
Use Address Book.
The Use Address Book dialog box appears with the available address
books listed under "Choose Address Book."
- Select the Address Book you want to use as your data source.
Word may prompt you to confirm the data source if Confirm
Conversions is selected as an option.
If you are using an a address book or contact list from
Schedule+, Word prompts you to log on to Schedule+ and
provide a password if necessary.
If you use an address book from Exchange, Word prompts you
to log on to the Exchange services.
Word displays a message to set up the main document.
- Click Set Up Main Document.
- Skip to the "Step Three: Edit Main Document" section later in this
Step 3: Edit Main Document
- Word displays the Label Options dialog box. Click the type of
printer (dot matrix/laser), the type of label product (such as Avery),
and product number. If you are using a custom label, click Details
and enter the size of the label.
Word displays the Create Label dialog box. The insertion point is
blinking in the box under Sample Label. This is where you insert the
merge fields to represent where on the label Word should print the
information from the data source.
- Click Insert Merge Field in the Create Label dialog box.
Click the appropriate merge field.
Make sure you type any spaces or punctuation you want between two merge
fields or after a merge field.
- When you have finished placing the merge fields on the sample label,
This step returns you to the Mail Merge Helper.
Step 4: Perform the Merge
- Under "3. Merge the Data with the Document," click Merge
Word displays the Merge dialog box. (Choosing the Query option
instead of Merge gives you the option to select certain data records
to participate in the merge or to sort the records in the data
- Under Merge To, click New Document to display the merged document
on the screen. This allows you to view the labels before printing
them. (Select Printer to send the labels directly to the
- With New Document selected in Merge To, click Merge.
- Once the merged document appears on the screen, you can save this as
a separate document, or you can send the merged document to the
printer by clicking Print on the File menu.
Online Help Topics
For more information about mail merge in Word 98 Macintosh Edition, click
Contents and Index on the Help menu. (In Word 7.0, click Microsoft Word
Help Topics on the Help menu. In Word 6.x, click "Search for Help on" on
the Help menu.) Click the Index tab, and type "Mail Merge" in the search
window. The applicable topics will be listed for you to choose from. Select
a topic and click Display.
Or, in Word 98 Macintosh Edition, click the Office Assistant, type "mail
merge," click Search, and then click to view the "Print or send a mail-
merge document" topic.
NOTE: If the Assistant is hidden, click the Office Assistant button on the
Standard toolbar. If Word Help is not installed on your computer, please
see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Office: How to Add/Remove a Single Office Program or Component
Examples and Demos (Word 6.x)
To access the Help topics that contain demos, first click Examples And
Demos on the Help menu. From the list of Examples And Demos categories,
select the category you want, such as Mail Merge, to produce a further
breakdown of topics. Click the desired topic at this level to produce
an Examples And Demos screen for this topic.
"Microsoft Word for Windows User's Guide," version 6.0, Chapter 29,
"Mail Merge: Step by Step".