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Article ID: 145698 - Last Review: February 24, 2014 - Revision: 5.1

This article was previously published under Q145698
This article has been archived. It is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
Note Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2002 and Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2003 support both the managed code model that is provided by the Microsoft .NET Framework and the unmanaged native Microsoft Windows code model. The information in this article applies only to unmanaged Visual C++ code. Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 supports both the managed code model that is provided by the Microsoft .NET Framework and the unmanaged native Microsoft Windows code model.

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SYMPTOMS

An accelerator table provided by way of COleControl::OnGetControlInfo that describes an OLE control's mnemonic keys does not work in both MFC 4.0 and Visual Basic 4.0 OLE control containers.

CAUSE

Visual Basic 4.0 and MFC 4.0 provide different mnemonic handling implementations, so they require different accelerator table entries.

RESOLUTION

Create accelerator table entries that will allow a control's mnemonics to be handled in both a Visual Basic 4.0 and MFC 4.0 OLE control container.

STATUS

This behavior is by design.

MORE INFORMATION

An OLE control overrides the virtual COleControl::OnGetControlInfo method to allow its container to get a description of the control's mnemonic keys. The OnGetControlInfo method returns a filled-out structure of type CONTROLINFO that contains, among other things, a handle to an accelerator table. This accelerator table is used by the container to do checks for mnemonic keys. When the container determines that a control's mnemonic key was pressed, it calls the control's IOleControl::OnMnemonic method. This causes the MFC framework to call the virtual COleControl::OnMnemonic method, which the control can override to do special processing.

The Visual Basic 4.0 and MFC 4.0 OLE control mnemonic handling implementations have different requirements for the entries in the accelerator table returned by way of OnGetControlInfo.

An accelerator key used in an accelerator table is defined by the ACCEL structure. The ACCEL structure has the following definition:
   typedef struct tagACCEL
   {
       BYTE   fVirt;
       WORD   key;
       WORD   cmd;
   } ACCEL;
				
The fVirt member specifies the accelerator flags. This member can be a combination of the following values:
   Value       Meaning
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------
   FALT        The ALT key must be held down when the accelerator key is
               pressed.

   FCONTROL    The CTRL key must be held down when the accelerator key
               is pressed.

   FNOINVERT   Specifies that no top-level menu item is highlighted when
               the accelerator is used. If this flag is not specified, a
               top-level menu item will be highlighted, if possible,
               when the accelerator is used.

   FSHIFT      The SHIFT key must be held down when the accelerator key
               is pressed.

   FVIRTKEY    The key member specifies a virtual-key code. If this flag
               is not specified, key is assumed to specify an ASCII
               character code.
				
The key member specifies the accelerator key. This member can be either a virtual-key code or an ASCII character code.

The cmd member specifies the accelerator identifier. This value is placed in the low-order word of the wParam parameter of the WM_COMMAND or WM_SYSCOMMAND message when the accelerator is pressed.

Visual Basic 4.0 has the following requirements for accelerator table entries used for mnemonic handling:

  • The fVirt member must be a combination of (FVIRTKEY | FALT) or (FVIRTKEY | FALT | FSHIFT).
  • The key member must be uppercase.
  • The cmd member must not be equal to 0.
MFC 4.0 has the following requirements for accelerator table entries used for mnemonic handling:

  • The fVirt member must be FALT or 0.
  • The key member must be lowercase.
  • The cmd member is ignored.
MFC 4.0 OLE control containers also differ from Visual Basic 4.0 in the way they handle mnemonic processing when a control is UI active. When handling keyboard input MFC containers, first check to see if an OLE control has the focus. If it does, the framework calls its IOleInPlaceActiveObject::TranslateAccelerator method. In the COleControl implementation of this method the control's PreTranslateMessage function is called. In order for an OLE control to have its mnemonics function correctly when the control is UI active, the OLE control must override PreTranslateMessage and check for its special key combinations.

NOTE: Overriding PreTranslateMessage is not necessary if the control is generated with Visual C++ 5.0 or above because OnMnemonic will be called when the control is UI active by way of SendMnemonic in COccManager::IsDialogMessage.

The following sample code shows an overridden OnGetControlInfo, PreTranslateMessage, and OnMnemonic that allow a control's mnemonics to work correctly in both an MFC 4.0 OLE control container as well as a Visual Basic 4.0 container.

Sample Code

/* Compile options needed: None
*/ 
#define NUM_ENTRIES 4
void CMnemonicCtrl::OnGetControlInfo(LPCONTROLINFO lpi)
{
  HACCEL hAccel = NULL;
  TCHAR ch = 'm';   // Hard code the mnemonic key to 'm' for this
                    // example.
  ACCEL accKey[NUM_ENTRIES];
  // Accel table entries 0 and 1 are to work with Visual Basic 4.0 as a
  // container. Visual Basic 4.0 has the following requirements for
  // accel table entries for a control's mnemonics:
  // 
  //  (fVirt == FVIRTKEY | FALT) || (fVirt == FVIRTKEY | FALT | FSHIFT)
  //  key must be uppercase
  //  (cmd != 0)
  accKey[0].fVirt = FVIRTKEY | FALT;
  accKey[1].fVirt = FVIRTKEY | FALT | FSHIFT;
  accKey[0].key = accKey[1].key = LOBYTE(VkKeyScan(ch));
  accKey[0].cmd = accKey[1].cmd = 1;
  // Accel table entries 2 and 3 are to work with MFC 4.0 containers.
  // MFC containers have the following requirements for accel table
  // entries for a control's mnemonics:
  // 
  //  (fVirt == FALT) || (fVirt == 0)
  //  key should be lowercase
  //  cmd is ignored
  accKey[2].fVirt = FALT;
  accKey[3].fVirt = 0;
  accKey[2].key = accKey[3].key = ch;
  accKey[2].cmd = accKey[3].cmd = 1;
  // Create the accel table.
  hAccel = CreateAcceleratorTable(accKey, NUM_ENTRIES);
  if (hAccel != NULL)
  {
    // Fill in the CONTROLINFO structure passed in.
    lpi -> hAccel = hAccel;
    lpi -> cAccel = NUM_ENTRIES;
    lpi -> dwFlags = 0;
  }
  else
    COleControl::OnGetControlInfo(lpi);
}
// NO need to override PreTranslateMessage if the control is generated in
// Visual C++ 5.0 or above.
BOOL CMnemonicCtrl::PreTranslateMessage( MSG * pMsg )
{
  // Check for ALT-M key combination.
  if(pMsg->message == WM_SYSKEYDOWN) {
    if((pMsg->wParam == 'm')||(pMsg->wParam == 'M'))
    {
      // Do mnemonic key processing here.
      return TRUE;
    }
  }
  return COleControl::PreTranslateMessage(pMsg);
}
void CMnemonicCtrl::OnMnemonic(LPMSG pMsg)
{
  if ((pMsg->message == WM_SYSKEYDOWN)||
      (pMsg->message == WM_SYSCHAR))
  {
    if ((pMsg->wParam == 'm')||(pMsg->wParam == 'M'))
    {
      // Do mnemonic key processing here.
      return;
    }
  }
  COleControl::OnMnemonic(pMsg);
}
				

APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Foundation Class Library 4.2, when used with:
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 4.0 Standard Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Enterprise Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 Professional Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++, 32-bit Learning Edition 6.0
    • Microsoft OLE Control Developer's Kit (CDK)
    • Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Express Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2003 Standard Edition
    • Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2002 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhowto kbinfo kbtshoot kbctrlcreate kbkeyaccel kbprb kbcode kbacceleratorkey KB145698
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