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Article ID: 149532 - Last Review: November 1, 2006 - Revision: 1.1

This article was previously published under Q149532
IMPORTANT: This article contains information about editing the registry. Before you edit the registry, make sure you understand how to restore it if a problem occurs. For information on how to do this, view the "Restoring the Registry" online Help topic in Regedit.exe or the "Restoring a Registry Key" online Help topic in Regedt32.exe.

IMPORTANT: This article contains information about modifying the registry. Before you modify the registry, make sure to back it up and make sure that you understand how to restore the registry if a problem occurs. For information about how to back up, restore, and edit the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
256986  ( ) Description of the Microsoft Windows Registry


An Event ID 2009 "Number of sessions exceeds 2048" may be recorded in the event log and/or clients may be unable to create new connections to the server.


This behavior can occur because computers that run Microsoft Windows NT clients and use excessive numbers of ports (more than 3,976 simultaneously) may run out of ports before TCP/IP releases closed connections. The TCP/IP-state computer dictates that when a connection is closed, the connection is not released until two maximum segment lives (MSLs) have passed. This state is defined as the Time-wait state. Since one MSL is defined as 120 seconds, it takes four minutes for a closed connection to be released in TCP/IP.

NOTE: For more information on MSL and Time-wait, please refer to Internet RFC 793.


To resolve this behavior, you must make the following registry change:

WARNING: If you use Registry Editor incorrectly, you may cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that you can solve problems that result from using Registry Editor incorrectly. Use Registry Editor at your own risk.

The registry value is:


Key: Tcpip\Parameters
Value Type: REG_DWORD - Time in seconds
Valid Range: 30-300 (decimal)
Default: 0xF0 (240 decimal)


Microsoft has confirmed this to be a problem in Microsoft Windows NT Workstation version 3.51 and Microsoft Windows NT Server version 3.51. This problem was corrected in the latest U.S. Service Pack for Windows NT Workstation or Server version 3.51. For information on obtaining this update, query "servpack" (without the quotation marks) in the Microsoft Knowledge Base.


For additional information about configuration options for Windows NT 4.0, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
170359  ( ) How to Modify TCP/IP Maximum Retransmission Timeout

This registry entry was first added in Windows NT 3.51 Service Pack 5. Customers using Windows NT 3.51 need to apply Service Pack 5 before making this modification.

  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 3.51
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Advanced Server 3.1
kbnetwork KB149532
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