This article provides an overview of the Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2.
Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2 (Msdb2ole.dll) enables access over SNA LU 6.2 and TCP/IP networks to remote DB2 databases. This driver is implemented as an IBM Distributed Relational Database Architecture (DRDA) application requester that can connect to DRDA-compliant DB2 systems like MVS, OS/400, and Microsoft Windows NT.
The driver supports ODBC 2.x and ODBC 3.x functions (for a complete list of supported functions please see the SNA Server SDK online documentation). The driver can be used interactively or from an application program to issue SQL statements. From Microsoft Excel, users can import DB2 tables into worksheets and use Excel graphing tools to analyze the data. From Microsoft Access, users can import from and export to DB2. With Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS), developers can publish DB2-stored information to users through a Web browser.
For more information on using ODBC Driver for DB2, as well as a list of supported ODBC connection string attribute keywords and values, see the SNA Server SDK online documentation or the ODBC Driver for DB2 online Help files.
Adding a ODBC Data Source
A Data Source associates a particular ODBC driver with the data you want to access through that driver. You must configure data source information for each DB2 system that is to be accessed using the ODBC driver for DB2. The default parameters for the ODBC driver for DB2 are used for the data source only and need to be configured for each Data Source separately. To configure the driver, perform the following steps:
- Click Start, point to Settings, and then click Control Panel.
- Double-click ODBC Data Sources.
- Choose a User DSN, System DSN, or File DSN.
- Click Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2, and then click Finish.
You can also display the ODBC Data Sources configuration tool from the shortcut located in the Microsoft SNA Server Data Access program group.
Configuring Data Sources
The General tab allows the user to configure the basic attributes required to describe a data source. For the ODBC driver for DB2, the general attributes include the following keywords:Data Source Name:
The data source is a required parameter that is used to define the data source. The ODBC driver manager uses this attribute value to load the correct ODBC data source configuration from the registry or file. For file data sources, this field is used to name the DSN file, which is stored in the Program Files\Common Files\ODBC\Data Sources directory.Description:
The description is an optional parameter that can be used to describe the data source.
The Connection tab allows the user to configure the basic attributes required to connect to a data source. For ODBC Driver for DB2, the connection attributes include the following keywords:LU 6.2 Connection:
This radio button allows the user to choose an SNA LU6.2-based connection. If the default SNA is selected, then values for APPC Local LU Alias, APPC Mode Name, and APPC Remote LU Alias are required.
This radio button allows the user to choose a TCP/IP-based connection. If TCP/IP is selected, then values for Network Address and Network Port are required.Local APPC LU Alias:
The name of the local LU alias configured in SNA Server.Remote APPC LU Alias:
The name of the remote LU alias configured in SNA Server.APPC Mode Name:
The APPC mode that matches the host configuration and SNA Server configuration. Legal values for the APPC mode include QPCSUPP (common system default), #INTER (interactive), #INTERSC (interactive with minimal routing security), #BATCH (batch), #BATCHSC (batch with minimal routing security), and #IBMRDB (DB2 remote database access).IP Address:
This property is used to locate the target DB2 computer, specifically the TCP/IP address or TCP/IP host name/alias associated with the DRDA port. The network address is required when connecting via TCP/IP.Network Port:
This property is used to locate the target DB2 DRDA service access port when connecting through TCP/IP. The default is the well-known DRDA port address of 446.
The Connection tab also includes a Test Connection button that can be used to test the connection parameters. The connection can only be tested after all of the required parameters are typed in. When you click this button, a session will be established to the remote DB2 system using OLE DB Provider for DB2.
The Security tab allows the user to configure optional attributes used to restrict connections to a data source. For Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2, the security attributes include the following: Use this username:
A valid user name is normally required to access data on DB2. Optionally, you can persist a user name in the DSN. The ODBC driver will prompt the user at runtime to type in a valid password. Additionally, the prompt dialog box will allow the user to override the user name stored in the DSN.
The AS/400 computer is case-sensitive with regard to User ID and Password. The AS/400 only accepts a DB2/400 User ID and Password in UPPER CASE. (If DB2/400 connection fails because of incorrect authentication, the ODBC driver will re-send the authentication, forcing the User ID and Password into UPPER CASE.)
The Mainframe is case-insensitive. This means that on mainframe computers, you can type the DB2 User ID and Password in any case. The ODBC driver will send the these values in UPPER CASE.
DB2 UDB for Windows NT is case-sensitive. The User ID is stored in UPPER CASE. The password is stored in mixed case. The user must type the Password in the correct case. The ODBC driver sends exactly the password in the case entered by the user. One does not pass the NT Domain Name, only the NT user name.Use Single Sign on:
Optionally, one can use the Single Signon option of Microsoft SNA Server's Host Security feature. This allows the administrator creating the data source definition to isolate the logon process from the end user. The user context for single-signon is the user context associated with the SNA DB2 Service. If running on Windows 9x, then the user context is that associated with the currently logged-in user. Database is Read-only:
Creates a read-only data source. The user has only read access to objects, such as tables, and cannot do update operations, such as INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE.
The Target Database tab allows the user to configure required, as well as optional, attributes used to define the target DB2 system. For Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2, the target database attributes include the following:
Remote Database Name:
This ODBC attribute is used as the first part of a three-part fully qualified table name.
In DB2 (MVS, OS/390), this property is referred to as LOCATION. The SYSIBM.LOCATIONS table lists all the accessible locations. To find the location of the DB2 to which you need to connect, ask your administrator to look in the TSO Clist DSNTINST under the DDF definitions. These definitions are provided in the DSNTIPR panel in the DB2 installation manual.
In DB2/400, this property is referred to as RDBNAM. The RDBNAM value can be determined by invoking the WRKRDBDIRE command from the console to the OS/400 system. If there is no RDBNAM value, then one can be created using the Add option.
In DB2 Universal Database, this property is referred to as DATABASE. Package Collection:
The name of the DRDA COLLECTION where you want the driver to store and bind DB2 packages. This is a required parameter. For more information about creating packages, please read the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
Creating Packages for Use with ODBC Driver for DB2 and OLE KB Provided for DB2
The name of the Collection where the provider looks for catalog information. The ODBC driver uses Default Schema to restrict results sets for popular operations, such as enumerating a list of tables in a target collection (for example, ODBC Catalog SQLTables). For more information on this parameter, please see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
INF: Default Schema to be Used with ODBC Driver for DB2 and OLE DB Provider for DB2
Default Isolation Level: Determines the level of isolation used in cases of simultaneous access to DB2 objects by multiple applications. The default is NC. The following levels are supported:
CS: Cursor Stability. In DB2/400, this corresponds to COMMIT(*CS). In ANSI, this corresponds to Read Committed (RC).
NC: No Commit. In DB2/400, this corresponds to COMMIT(*NONE). In ANSI, this corresponds to No Commit (NC).
UR: Uncommitted Read. In DB2/400, this corresponds to COMMIT(*CHG). In ANSI, this corresponds to Read Uncommitted.
RS: Read Stability. In DB2/400, this corresponds to COMMIT(*ALL). In ANSI, this corresponds to Repeatable Read.
RR: Repeatable Read. In DB2/400, this corresponds to COMMIT(*RR). In ANSI, this corresponds to Serializable (Isolated).Alternate TP Name:
This property is only required when connecting to SQL/DS (DB2/VM or DB2/VSE) and is referred to as the remote transaction program.Auto Commit:
This attribute allows for implicit COMMIT on all SQL statements. In auto-commit mode, every database operation is a transaction that is committed when performed. This mode is suitable for common transactions that consist of a single SQL statement. It is unnecessary to delimit or specify completion of these transactions. No ROLLBACK is allowed when using Auto Commit Mode. The default is True.Convert all binary data types as character data types:
This option treats binary (CCSID 65535) data type fields as character data type fields on a per-data source basis. The Host CCSID and PC Code Page values are required input and output parameters. (See Locale tab.)
The Locale tab allows the user to configure required, as well as optional, attributes used to define the code pages to be used on the DB2 system as well as the Windows-based computer. For Microsoft ODBC Driver for DB2, the locale attributes include the following: Host Locale:
The character code set identifier (CCSID) matching the DB2 data as represented on the remote computer. This parameter defaults to U.S./Canada (37). The CCSID property is required when processing binary data as character data. Unless the Process Binary as Character value is set, character data is converted based on the DB2 column CCSID and default ANSI code page.Use default code page for locale:
This option instructs the ODBC driver to use the default ANSI code page for the Windows-based computer. If this default setting is cleared, then the user may choose any supported PC Code Page.PC Locale:
This attribute is required when processing binary data as character data. Unless the Process Binary as Character value is set, character data is converted based on the default ANSI code page configured in Windows. The default value for this property is Latin 1 (1252).