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Article ID: 2761922 - Last Review: February 13, 2013 - Revision: 2.0

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Symptoms

Consider the following scenario:
  • You install the Distributed File System (DFS) Namespace service on a computer that is running Windows Server 2008 R2.
  • The reparse points that are configured within the default namespace setting represent the corresponding DFS namespace folders on the server.
  • You restart the server. During the startup process, the system time of the server is changed. For example, when you restart a virtual machine, the system time of the virtual machine is synchronized with the host computer during the startup process.

    Note After the system time is changed, an event that contains the system time before and after the change is logged in the System log.
In this scenario, the DFS namespace folders may be deleted unexpectedly. Without them, the DFS Namespace client computers cannot request referrals for the DFS namespace folders.

Cause

This issue occurs because the system time is changed in the middle of the DFS time calculation operation for folder scavenging during the DFS Namespace service initialization process. When the DFS Namespace service starts, it creates reparse points for all the links in the namespace. The service also deletes any reparse points that are in a DFS root share path and do not belong to the namespace. During the service startup and the hourly synchronization, every link of the reparse points is stamped in order to change the time stamps of the reparse points. These time stamps are compared with the startup time of the DFS Namespace service. If the time stamp of a reparse point is earlier than the service startup time, the reparse point is considered an orphan, and is therefore deleted by the service.

When the system time changes before the reparse points are validated, then the changed time of the DFS namespace folders may be earlier than the service startup time. Therefore, the issue that is described in the "Symptoms" section occurs.

Note After you apply this hotfix, the scavenging algorithm for reparse points no longer relies on time stamps for validation.

Resolution

Hotfix information

A supported hotfix is available from Microsoft. However, this hotfix is intended to correct only the problem that is described in this article. Apply this hotfix only to systems that are experiencing the problem described in this article. This hotfix might receive additional testing. Therefore, if you are not severely affected by this problem, we recommend that you wait for the next software update that contains this hotfix.

If the hotfix is available for download, there is a "Hotfix download available" section at the top of this Knowledge Base article. If this section does not appear, contact Microsoft Customer Service and Support to obtain the hotfix.

Note If additional issues occur or if any troubleshooting is required, you might have to create a separate service request. The usual support costs will apply to additional support questions and issues that do not qualify for this specific hotfix. For a complete list of Microsoft Customer Service and Support telephone numbers or to create a separate service request, visit the following Microsoft website:
http://support.microsoft.com/contactus/?ws=support (http://support.microsoft.com/contactus/?ws=support)
Note The "Hotfix download available" form displays the languages for which the hotfix is available. If you do not see your language, it is because a hotfix is not available for that language.

Prerequisites

To apply this hotfix, you must be running Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1). Additionally, you must have the DFS Namespace service installed.

For more information about how to obtain a Windows Server 2008 R2 service pack, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
976932  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/976932/ ) Information about Service Pack 1 for Windows 7 and for Windows Server 2008 R2

Registry information

To apply this hotfix, you do not have to make any changes to the registry.

Restart requirement

You must restart the computer after you apply this hotfix.

Hotfix replacement information

This hotfix does not replace a previously released hotfix.

File information

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The global version of this hotfix installs files that have the attributes that are listed in the following tables. The dates and the times for these files are listed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The dates and the times for these files on your local computer are displayed in your local time together with your current daylight saving time (DST) bias. Additionally, the dates and the times may change when you perform certain operations on the files.
Windows Server 2008 R2 file information notes
Important Windows 7 hotfixes and Windows Server 2008 R2 hotfixes are included in the same packages. However, hotfixes on the Hotfix Request page are listed under both operating systems. To request the hotfix package that applies to one or both operating systems, select the hotfix that is listed under "Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2" on the page. Always refer to the "Applies To" section in articles to determine the actual operating system that each hotfix applies to.
  • The files that apply to a specific product, SR_Level (RTM, SPn), and service branch (LDR, GDR) can be identified by examining the file version numbers as shown in the following table:
    Collapse this tableExpand this table
    VersionProductMilestoneService branch
    6.1.760 0.21xxxWindows Server 2008 R2RTMLDR
    6.1.760 1.22xxxWindows Server 2008 R2SP1LDR
  • The MANIFEST files (.manifest) and the MUM files (.mum) that are installed for each environment are listed separately in the "Additional file information for Windows Server 2008 R2" section. MUM and MANIFEST files, and the associated security catalog (.cat) files, are extremely important to maintaining the state of the updated component. The security catalog files, for which the attributes are not listed, are signed with a Microsoft digital signature.
For all supported x64-based versions of Windows Server 2008 R2
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File nameFile versionFile sizeDateTimePlatform
Dfsn-serverservice-ppdlic.xrm-msNot Applicable3,02109-Jan-201306:15Not Applicable
Dfssvc.exe6.1.7600.21420377,85609-Jan-201303:12x64
Dfsn-serverservice-ppdlic.xrm-msNot Applicable3,02109-Jan-201306:03Not Applicable
Dfssvc.exe6.1.7601.22213379,39209-Jan-201305:36x64
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Workaround

To work around this issue, restart the DFS Namespace service on the computer.

Status

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

More information

For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
824684  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/824684/ ) Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates

Additional file information

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Additional file information for Windows Server 2008 R2

Additional files for all supported x64-based versions of Windows Server 2008 R2
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File nameAmd64_0e45dd698c131a24de2cd70b3c9e5cb3_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21420_none_b86548eb0b9dfd34.manifest
File versionNot Applicable
File size710
Date (UTC)09-Jan-2013
Time (UTC)17:57
PlatformNot Applicable
File nameAmd64_a234ee2d53d940400764706ee556ea24_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.22213_none_75320a548d2108e9.manifest
File versionNot Applicable
File size710
Date (UTC)09-Jan-2013
Time (UTC)17:57
PlatformNot Applicable
File nameAmd64_microsoft-windows-dfsn-serverservice_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21420_none_4bc7962576959e1f.manifest
File versionNot Applicable
File size48,622
Date (UTC)09-Jan-2013
Time (UTC)06:24
PlatformNot Applicable
File nameAmd64_microsoft-windows-dfsn-serverservice_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.22213_none_4dbbc3f573b13a1f.manifest
File versionNot Applicable
File size48,622
Date (UTC)09-Jan-2013
Time (UTC)06:14
PlatformNot Applicable
File nameUpdate.mum
File versionNot Applicable
File size3,221
Date (UTC)09-Jan-2013
Time (UTC)17:57
PlatformNot Applicable
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Applies to
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
Keywords: 
kbautohotfix kbqfe kbhotfixserver kbfix kbsurveynew kbexpertiseadvanced KB2761922
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