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Article ID: 298145 - Last Review: February 27, 2014 - Revision: 3.2

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If you use the SQLConfigDataSource ODBC API call with the REPAIR_DB option on an encrypted Microsoft Access database file, the database is properly repaired, but the encryption is removed.


This is a problem in the Microsoft Jet ODBC Drivers (Odbcjt32.dll) that ship with Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.5 Service Pack 2 and earlier.


To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Microsoft MDAC 2.5. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
293312  ( ) INFO: How to Obtain the Latest MDAC 2.5 Service Pack
The English version of this fix should have the following file attributes or later:
   Date        Version      Size            File name      Platform
   12/04/2001  4.0.7412.0   270,608 bytes   Odbcjt32.dll   x86


To work around this problem, use the CDaoWorkspace::RepairDatabase function to repair the database.


Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This problem was first corrected in Microsoft MDAC 2.5 Service Pack 3.


The following code reproduces the problem:
void Repair(BOOL bEncrypt)
	CString strDBQ = "d:\\NWind.mdb", strSystemDB = "d:\\System.mdw";
	CString strAttributes;
	strAttributes += "REPAIR_DB=";
	strAttributes += strDBQ;
	if (bEncrypt)
		strAttributes += " ENCRYPT";  // This additional keyword is an optimistic try and has no effect!!
	strAttributes += "|";
	strAttributes += "SYSTEMDB=";
	strAttributes += strSystemDB;
	strAttributes += "|";
	strAttributes += "EXCLUSIVE=TRUE";
	strAttributes += "|";
	strAttributes += "|";

	// Exchange pipes against nulls so the command is interpreted correctly.
	for (int i = 0; i < strAttributes.GetLength(); i++)
		if (strAttributes[i] == '|')
			strAttributes.SetAt(i, char(0));

	BOOL b = SQLConfigDataSource(NULL, ODBC_CONFIG_SYS_DSN, "Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)",
		(LPCSTR) strAttributes);
	if (!b)
		CString strErrorMsg;
		for (int i = 1; i <= 8; i++)
			WORD cbErrorMsg;
			DWORD dwErrorCode;
			RETCODE r = SQLInstallerError(i, &dwErrorCode, strErrorMsg.GetBuffer(100), 100, &cbErrorMsg);
			if (r == SQL_NO_DATA)
			TRACE("Rec: %d: %d, %x (%s)\n", i, r, dwErrorCode, (const char *) strErrorMsg);

		AfxMessageBox("Repair failed!");
		AfxMessageBox("Repair succeeded!");

  • Microsoft Open Database Connectivity Driver for Access 4.0
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.1 Service Pack 2
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5 Service Pack 2
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5
  • Microsoft Data Access Components 2.5 Service Pack 1
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhotfixserver kbqfe kbmdac250sp3fix kbjet kbmdacnosweep kbprb KB298145
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