When you try to open a Microsoft Word document, you receive
an error message similar to the following
file name is locked for editing by another user. To
open a read-only copy of his document, click...
is the name of the document that you tried
This behavior may occur if Word determines that the owner
file for the document already exists. This may occur if one or more of the
following conditions are true:
- Word previously quit improperly and, therefore, did not
delete the owner file.
- A second instance of Word is running in the background with
the document already open.
- The document is shared over a network, and another user has
To resolve this issue, first confirm that another user on
the network does not have the document open. If the document is in use, open
the document as read-only. If it is not in use, quit all instances of Word, and
then remove the owner file. To do so, follow these steps.NOTE
: Because there are several versions of Microsoft Windows, the
following steps may be different on your computer. If they are, see your
product documentation to complete these steps.
- Quit all instances of Word. To do so, follow these steps:
- Save all your work, and then quit all
- Press CTRL+ALT+DELETE to open the Windows Security dialog box.
- Click Task Manager, and then click the Processes tab.
- Click Winword.exe, and then click End Process.
- In the Task Manager Warning dialog box, click Yes.
If you receive a message that states that the program
is not responding, click End Now.
- Repeat steps d and e for each occurrence of
- On the File menu, click Exit Task Manager.
- Start Windows Explorer, and then browse to the folder that
contains the document file that you tried to open when you received the error
- Delete the owner file.
The owner file is located
in the same folder as the document that you tried to open. The owner file name
uses the following convention: It begins with a tilde (~), followed by a dollar
sign ($), followed by the remainder of the document file name. The file name
extension is .doc. For example, the owner file for Document.doc is named
- Start Word. If Word asks you whether you want to load the
changes that were made to the Global or Normal template, click No.
- Open your document.
Word creates an owner file when you open a previously saved
Word document. An owner file is temporary and holds the logon name of the
person who opens the document.
For additional information
about Word temporary files, click the article number below to view the article
in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
WD: How Word for Windows Uses Temporary Files