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Article ID: 69581 - Last Review: November 16, 2006 - Revision: 2.1

 
This article was previously published under Q69581

SUMMARY

The following MS-DOS command updates the date and time stamps of a file named "EXAMPLE" without altering the contents of the file. This is similar to the TOUCH utility found in XENIX and in some third-party MS-DOS toolkits.
   COPY /B EXAMPLE +,,
				

MORE INFORMATION

The COPY command can concatenate a file onto an existing file when used in the form:
   COPY FILE1+FILE2
				
In this example, the contents of FILE2 are appended to FILE1, leaving FILE2 unchanged. When copying in this mode, the COPY command switches to ASCII mode where the ^Z (0x01A) end-of-file marker is honored.

Therefore, with the above command, the /b forces the COPY command into binary mode, the filename is the file to be updated, the + (plus sign) indicates that a file is to be appended, and the ,, (commas) are placeholders for the remaining parameters (which are not included in this example). Because the file to be appended is not specified, the COPY command will append nothing and only update the time and date stamps for the file.

The following batch file, TOUCH.BAT, can be used to automate the process:
   @echo off
   if %1.==. goto end
   if not exist %1 goto end
   copy /b %1 +,, > nul
   echo %1 touched!
   :end
				
This batch file requires one parameter, the file to be "touched." If the parameter is not supplied, line 2 will cause the batch file to exit without doing anything. If the specified file does not exist, line 3 will cause the batch file to exit also.

APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.1
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.2 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.21 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 3.3a
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 4.01 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0a
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.2 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.21 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.22 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
KB69581
Retired KB ArticleRetired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
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