DetailPage-MSS-KB

Microsoft small business knowledge base

Article ID: 73084 - Last Review: May 12, 2003 - Revision: 2.0

 
This article was previously published under Q73084

On This Page

SUMMARY

This article lists the improvements in QBasic over GW-BASIC and some of the major differences between the two.

MORE INFORMATION

QBasic is a subset of QuickBasic version 4.5. The QBasic online help feature contains complete articles explaining version differences between BASICA/GW-BASIC and QBasic, unsupported keywords, and converting BASICA programs for use under QBasic.

QBasic provides a "Windows-like" environment supporting the use of a mouse. A menu bar across the top of the screen contains pull-down menu selections.

QBasic provides a split screen. The upper portion of the screen is called the view window and is for program code; at the bottom of the screen, an "immediate" window allows testing of a programming instruction prior to including it in a program.

With QBasic, you don't need to use line numbers. However, line numbers are supported. Also, QBasic now supports line "labels." These labels are not required on every line, however, but can be used to direct program flow. As a result, QBasic has no RENUM command such as that of GW-BASIC. For example:
   Line label "Bob:" or line number "10" are both valid.
				
QBasic includes friendly, extensive online help. For more information about using QBasic, press ENTER immediately after starting QBasic or press F1 any time while running QBasic. If you are using a mouse, point to the Help menu option on the right side of the menu bar (on the top right of the displayed screen).

You can cut and paste examples of program code from the online help screen and place them directly into the view window for execution.

QBasic uses IEEE floating point math, the industry standard. GW-BASIC uses the MBF math format. For more information on IEEE vs. Microsoft Binary Format, query on the following words:
Tutorial and IEEE and MBF
QBasic is a subset of QuickBasic 4.5. QuickBasic 4.0 and later will support a math co-processor, however, QBasic does not.

QBasic uses P-code, which stands for "pseudo code," so called because it's very similar to compiled code, but it's not completely compiled. P-code retains just enough information -- the crucial last bits that real machine code loses -- for listing it on the screen in source code format and for any modifications you decide to make. Yet, because it looks almost like the output of a compiler, it runs almost as fast as you would expect an executable file to run. Consequently, you get all the advantages of using an interpreter with virtually no speed penalty and little size penalty.

QBasic supports additional variable types: User-Defined Types, Fixed-Length Strings, and Long Integers.

User-Defined Types

                         Use the type
   If the variable is:    declaration character:
   -------------------    ----------------------

   String                 $
   Integer
      Regular             %
      Long                &
   Floating Point
      Single-precision    !
      Double-precision    #
				

Fixed-Length Strings

A regular integer variable can store any whole number from -32768 through
  1. Use "%" to declare regular integers.
       Example: integer% = 10
    						
To declare a fixed-length string, add a string variable name and a string length to the DIM statement, as follows
   DIM strName AS STRING * n
				
where strName is the name of the fixed-length string and n is the string length.

Long Integers

A long integer variable can represent a whole number from -2,147,483,648 through 2,147,483,647. Use "&" to declare long integers.
   Example: employees& = 15000000
				
Single-precision floating-point variables can represent a number up to seven digits in length. The decimal point can be anywhere within those digits. Use "!" to declare single-precision floating-point variables.
   Example: speed!= 33.33333
				
Double-precision floating-point variables can represent a number up to 15 digits in length. The decimal point can be anywhere within those digits. Use "#" to declare double-precision floating point variables.
   Example: pi# = 3.141592654
				
QBasic allows 64K memory for code per subroutine and 64K for data. Arrays, fixed-length strings, and user-defined types get 64K each. There is 64K of memory available for CODE per SUBroutine and 64K of memory for DATA. You can also have far arrays of numerics, fixed-length strings, and user- defined types of up to 64K each.

QBasic allows error/event trapping:
         "ON ERROR GOSUB.../ON KEY(n) GOTO..."

        Example:
                        CALL mysub
                        END

                        errhandler:
                                PRINT "You had an error!"
                                PRINT "Error" ERR
                        RESUME NEXT

                        SUB mysub

                        ON ERROR GOTO errhandler
                        ERROR 62

                        END SUB
				
QBasic allows variable/value parameter passing. SUB/END SUB and UNCTION/END FUNCTION. QBasic provides a way to share arguments with a limited number of subprograms rather than with the entire program. This method is called passing arguments.
        Syntax:
                SUB globalname[parameterlist][STATIC]
                        [statements]
                [EXIT SUB]
                        [statements]
                FUNCTION name [parameterlist][STATIC]
                        [statements]
                name = expression

                        [statements]
                END FUNCTION
                END SUB
				

File Conversion from GW-BASIC to QBasic

To use a GW-BASIC program in QBasic, you must first save the file in an ASCII text format.
   Example: SAVE: "PROGNAME.BAS",A.
				

Converting a GW-BASIC Program to QBasic

Use REMLINE.BAS included with MS-DOS for QBasic to remove line numbers from GW-BASIC programs. For more information, see the documentation provided at the beginning of REMLINE.BAS by opening the file in QBasic.

To load GW-BASIC programs to QBasic, you must use the command "QBasic /MBF" when starting QBasic from the DOS prompt.

APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0a
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.2 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.21 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 6.22 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
KB73084
Retired KB ArticleRetired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
Share
Additional support options
Ask The Microsoft Small Business Support Community
Contact Microsoft Small Business Support
Find Microsoft Small Business Support Certified Partner
Find a Microsoft Store For In-Person Small Business Support