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Article ID: 79982 - Last Review: February 11, 2005 - Revision: 1.1

This article was previously published under Q79982
3.00 3.10 WINDOWS kbprg kbprb kbcode


When a BS_GROUPBOX style window is created, its background does not erase correctly.


The parent window of the BS_GROUPBOX style window has the WS_CLIPCHILDREN style, which prevents the parent window from erasing the group box's background.


Subclass the group box window to process the WM_ERASEBKGND message by erasing its background. Listed below is a code fragment to demonstrate this procedure.


This behavior is by design.


The WS_CLIPCHILDREN style causes a window to exclude the areas occupied by child windows when the window paints its client area. However, a BS_GROUPBOX style window is a static control that never erases its background. Erasing the background removes any controls or buttons that appear within the group box.

Therefore, when another child window is dropped over a group box and subsequently dragged away, portions of that child window remain visible in the group box's background. This problem does not occur when the parent window does not have the WS_CLIPCHILDREN style.

The following code fragment should be placed in the group box's subclass procedure. This code erases the background of the group box.

    HBRUSH  hBrush, hOldBrush;
    HPEN    hPen, hOldPen;
    RECT    rect;
    HDC     hDC;

    hDC = GetDC(hWnd);

    // Obtain a handle to the parent window's background brush.
    hBrush = GetClassWord(ghWnd, GCW_HBRBACKGROUND);
    hOldBrush = SelectObject(hDC, hBrush);

    // Create a background-colored pen to draw the rectangle
    // borders, where gWindowColor is some globally defined
    // COLORREF variable used to paint the window's background
    hPen = CreatePen(PS_SOLID, 1, gWindowColor);
    hOldPen = SelectObject(hDC, hPen);

    // Erase the group box's background.
    GetClientRect(hWnd, &rect);
    Rectangle(hDC, rect.left,, rect.right, rect.bottom);

    // Restore the original objects before releasing the DC.
    SelectObject(hDC, hOldPen);
    SelectObject(hDC, hOldBrush);

    // Delete the created object.

    ReleaseDC(hWnd, hDC);

    // Instruct Windows to paint the group box text and frame.
    InvalidateRect(hWnd, NULL, FALSE);

    // Insert code here to instruct the contents of the group box
    // to repaint as well.

    return TRUE; // Background has been erased.

  • Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit 3.1
kb16bitonly kbbutton kbctrl kbprb KB79982
Retired KB ArticleRetired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.
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