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Article ID: 889551 - Last Review: November 16, 2007 - Revision: 3.8

Service Pack 3a for Microsoft SQL Server 2000
April 9, 2003
Copyright Microsoft Corporation, 2003. All rights reserved. The SQL Server documentation team cannot answer technical support questions, but welcomes your suggestions and comments about this readme documentation. You can quickly and directly send e-mail feedback using the link below. All feedback must be in English. To submit written feedback about this document, click here:

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1.0 Introduction

Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a (SP3a) incorporates changes to SQL Server 2000 SP3 that address issues raised by the Slammer worm:
  • SP3a can be applied to SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Evaluation Edition in order to apply fixes to instances of that edition of SQL Server.
  • SP3a addresses setup issues some customers encountered with the version of the Microsoft Data Access (MDAC) components in SQL Server 2000 SP3
  • The MSDE 2000 SP3a Setup utility now defaults to turning off support for network connections when installing new instances of MSDE 2000. The current network support settings are retained when instances are upgraded to SP3a.
  • When an instance of SQL Server 2000 SP3a or MSDE 2000 SP3a is configured to not support network connections, the instance also stops using UDP port 1434.
Because most changes introduced in SP3a are related to Setup, you do not need to apply SP3a to instances of SQL Server 2000 or MSDE 2000 that have already been upgraded to SP3. If you have instances that have not yet been upgraded to SP3, however, you should always upgrade those instances directly to SP3a instead of SP3. If you have any copies of the SP3 download files that you were planning to use for future upgrades, you should delete those copies and instead use either the SP3a download files or the SP3a CD-ROM. Applications that distribute and install MSDE 2000 should install SP3a instead of SP3. While you can apply SP3a to instances of SQL Server 2000 SP3 or MSDE 2000 SP3, doing so has little effect on those instances.

This release of Service Pack 3a (SP3a) for Microsoft SQL Server 2000 is provided in three parts:
  • Database Components SP3a provides updates for the database components of an instance of SQL Server 2000, excluding instances of the SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine. Database Components SP3a includes updates to:
    • The database engine.
    • All of the database client tools and utilities such as SQL Server Enterprise Manager and the osql utility.
    • Database client connectivity components, such as the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server 2000, the SQL Server 2000 ODBC driver, and the client Net-Libraries.
  • Analysis Services SP3a provides updates for the SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services components of a SQL Server 2000 installation, including:
    • Analysis Services.
    • Analysis Services client components, which include Analysis Manager and the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for Analysis Services.
    • Database client connectivity components, such as the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server 2000, the SQL Server 2000 ODBC driver, and the client Net-Libraries.
  • Desktop Engine SP3a provides updates for the database components of an instance of SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000), including:
    • The database engine.
    • The database command prompt utilities that come with MSDE 2000, such as the osql and bcp utilities.
    • Database client connectivity components, such as the Microsoft OLE DB Provider for SQL Server 2000, the SQL Server 2000 ODBC driver, and the client Net-Libraries.
These three parts of SP3a can be applied individually, as follows:
  • SQL Server 2000 sites can use Database Components SP3a to upgrade their database components without upgrading their Analysis Services components or instances of the SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine.
  • Analysis Services 2000 sites can use Analysis Services SP3a to upgrade their Analysis Services components without upgrading instances of Desktop Engine or their database components.
  • MSDE 2000 sites can use Desktop Engine SP3a to upgrade instances of MSDE 2000 without upgrading Analysis Services or instances of the SQL Server 2000 database engine.
Note If separate instances of both MSDE 2000 and other editions of the SQL Server 2000 database engine are installed on the same computer, you must apply Desktop Engine SP3a to instances of MSDE 2000, and Database Components SP3a to instances of the SQL Server 2000 database engine, such as Personal Edition, Standard Edition, or Enterprise Edition.

Note Desktop Engine SP3a is the only part of the service pack that is available in Portuguese (Brazil), Swedish, and Dutch, because SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) is the only version of SQL Server 2000 that is produced for those languages. The SQL Server 2000 components upgraded by Database Components SP3a or Analysis Services SP3a are not available in those languages. Portuguese (Brazil), Swedish, and Dutch users who want to apply SP3a to a version of SQL Server other than Desktop Engine must download the SP3a files that match the language of the edition they want to upgrade. For example, English-language SP3a files must be downloaded to upgrade the English-language version of the SQL Server 2000 database engine. For information about how to download the service pack, see Section 2.0 Downloading and Extracting SP3a.

1.1 Overview of Database Components SP3a Installation

The Database Components SP3a Setup program automatically detects which edition of SQL Server 2000 is present on the instance of SQL Server 2000 being upgraded. Setup upgrades only the components that are installed for that instance. For example, if you apply the service pack to a computer running SQL Server 2000 Standard Edition, the service pack does not attempt to upgrade components that are included only with SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition.

You can apply Database Components SP3a to a single default instance or a named instance of SQL Server. If you are upgrading multiple instances of SQL Server 2000 to SP3a, you must apply SP3a to each instance. When one instance on a computer with one or more instances of SQL Server 2000 is upgraded to SP3a, all of the tools are upgraded to SP3a. There are not separate copies of the tools for each instance.

1.2 Overview of Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a Installation

Desktop Engine SP3a can be used to:
  • Upgrade an existing instance of SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) to SP3a.
  • Install a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a, provided you have an MSDE 2000 license that allows you to install instances of MSDE 2000.
  • Upgrade an instance of MSDE 1.0 to MSDE 2000, provided you have an MSDE 2000 license that allows you to run instances of MSDE 2000.
  • Provide the files needed for a developer to write an application setup utility that can install an instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a as part of the installation of the application. The developer must have a license to distribute MSDE with applications.
For more information about MSDE 2000 licensing, see Uses of MSDE 2000 (http://www.microsoft.com/sql/prodinfo/previousversions/msde/msdeuse.mspx) .

The procedures for applying SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a to an existing instance of MSDE 2000 depend on how the instance was installed. The Desktop Engine SP3a files from Microsoft can only be used to apply SP3a to instances of MSDE 2000 that were installed using the MSDE 2000 setup utility. Most applications install MSDE 2000 using one of two mechanisms:
  • The setup utility of the application calls the MSDE 2000 setup utility during installation. Instances of MSDE 2000 installed this way can be upgraded to SP3a using the Desktop Engine SP3a files.
  • If the setup utility of the application uses Microsoft Windows Installer technology, the setup utility can directly consume the MSDE 2000 merge modules. Instances of MSDE 2000 installed this way cannot be upgraded using the Desktop Engine SP3a files. You must contact the application vendor for a patch file. Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a provides merge modules to support existing applications that use merge modules. The Setup utilities for new applications should be written to call the MSDE 2000 Setup utility instead of directly consuming the MSDE 2000 merge modules.
Instructions for determining whether an instance of MSDE 2000 can be upgraded to SP3a using Desktop Engine SP3a are in section 2.1 Downloading and Extracting Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a. Even if you are applying Desktop Engine SP3a from the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD, read the instructions in section 2.1 to determine whether you can apply Desktop Engine SP3a or you must contact an application vendor for a patch file.

If there are multiple instances of MSDE 2000 on a computer, you must evaluate each instance individually to determine whether you can apply Desktop Engine SP3a. You must also apply SP3a separately to each instance.

Review the material in sections 1 and 2 of this readme, and then follow the instructions in section 3 if:
  • You have determined that you can apply Desktop Engine SP3a to your existing instance of MSDE.
  • You are installing a new instance of MSDE 2000.
  • You are incorporating the Desktop Engine SP3a files into the setup utility of an application.
These sections give examples for the most common scenarios of either upgrading an existing instance of MSDE to SP3a, or installing a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a:
  • 3.7.4 Upgrading Existing Instances of MSDE 2000 To SP3a
  • 3.7.5 Installing a New Instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a
  • 3.7.6 Upgrading MSDE 1.0 to MSDE 2000 SP3a

1.3 Removing SP3a

The way in which you remove SQL Server 2000 SP3a depends on the SQL Server 2000 SP3a components that you are removing.

Removing SQL Server Database Components and Desktop Engine SP3a

When either SQL Server Database Components SP3a or Desktop Engine SP3a are installed, they make changes to the system tables for maintenance reasons, and they also upgrade user and distribution databases that are members of a replication topology. Because of these changes, SP3a cannot be removed easily. To revert to the build that you were running before installing SP3a, first, you must uninstall the instance of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000; then, you must reinstall that instance. If you were running a previous SQL Server 2000 service pack or applied any Quick Fix Engineering (QFE) fixes, you must reapply that service pack and any QFE fixes to the instance.

Note To remove SP3a, you must have backups of the master, model, and msdb databases, which were taken immediately prior to applying SP3a. For more information, see Section 3.1 Back Up Your SQL Server Databases and Section 3.2 Back Up Your Analysis Services Databases and Repository.

For more information, see Uninstalling SQL Server 2000 Components and Desktop Engine SP3a.

Removing SQL Server Analysis Services Components SP3a

To be able to return SQL Server Analysis Services to its pre-SP3a state, you must back up the registry key HK_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\OLAP Server and all of its sub-keys before installing SP3a. When uninstalling SP3a, you must delete this registry key and restore the pre-SP3a version from the backup.

Note Updates to MDAC 2.7 SP1a that are made during SP3a setup cannot be uninstalled.

For more information, see 3.1.4 Uninstalling SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services SP3a.

1.4 Identifying the Current Version of SQL Server or Analysis Services

Use the techniques in the following sections to determine which version of SQL Server or Analysis Services you have installed.

SQL Server To identify which version of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000 you have installed, type SELECT @@VERSION or SERVERPROPERTY('ProductVersion') at the command prompt using the osql or isql utility or in the Query window in SQL Query Analyzer.

Similarly, the product level for a given version of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000 can be determined by executing SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('ProductLevel').

The following table shows the relationship between the SQL Server 2000 version and level and the version number reported by @@VERSION and the product level reported by SERVERPROPERTY('ProductLevel').
Collapse this tableExpand this table
SQL Server 2000 version and level@@VERSIONProductLevel
SQL Server 2000 Original Release8.00.194RTM
Database Components SP1 or Desktop Engine SP18.00.384SP1
Database Components SP2 or Desktop Engine SP28.00.534SP2
Database Components SP3 or SP3a, or Desktop Engine SP3 or SP3a8.00.760SP3
If you are not sure which edition of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000 you are running, view the last line of output returned by SELECT @@VERSION. The last line should match one of the following:
Desktop Engine on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Enterprise Evaluation Edition on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Developer Edition on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Personal Edition on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Standard Edition on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Enterprise Edition on Windows NT 5.0 (Build 2195: Service Pack 2)
Note The beginning of the line indicates the edition of the SQL Server database engine or MSDE 2000. This is followed by current operating system information.

You can also determine the edition by typing SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('Edition') at the command prompt using the osql or isql utility or in the Query window in SQL Query Analyzer.

Analysis Services

To identify which version of Analysis Services you have installed, follow these steps:
  1. From the Start menu, point to Program Files, point to SQL Server 2000, point to Analysis Services, and then click Analysis Manager.
  2. In the Analysis Manager tree, right-click the Analysis Servers node, and then click About Analysis Services.
  3. Use the following table to determine which version of Analysis Services you have.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Analysis Services versionBuild Number in Help About
SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services Original Release8.0.194
Analysis Services SP18.0.382
Analysis Services SP28.0.534
Analysis Services SP3 or SP3a8.0.760
Distinguishing Between SP3 and SP3a

To determine whether you have SP3 or SP3a installed, look at the version number of the Net-Library file, Ssnetlib.dll. If the version number of this file is 2000.80.760.0, you have SP3; if the version number of this file is 2000.80.766.0, you have SP3a.

Assuming that an instance was installed using the default settings, you can find the Ssnetlib.dll file in one of these locations:
  • Default instance: C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Binn\Ssnetlib.dll
  • Named instance: C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL$<InstanceName>\Binn\Ssnetlib.dll
To find out whether you have the SP3 or SP3a setup folders, open the SP3Readme.htm file and read the first page. The service pack version, SP3a or SP3, is listed at the top of the first page.

1.5 Additional Information about SP3a

A list of the fixes contained in this service pack will be provided in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 306908. Each fix listed in 306908 has a link to a Knowledge Base article describing the problem addressed by the fix. Follow the links to the individual Knowledge Base articles to see information about each fix

To find an article in the Knowledge Base
  1. From the Select a Microsoft Product list, select SQL Server 2000.
  2. In the Search for field, type the number of the article you want.
  3. Under Search Type, select Article ID.
  4. Click the Go button.
Any information relevant to SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a that was not available in time to be included in this readme file will be published in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 816502.

The Knowledge Base articles mentioned in this readme are available in the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.

Microsoft Data Access Components

This service pack includes updates to the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC), including updates for MSXML.

For more information, see Section 5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components.

QFE Fixes

All publicly issued SQL Server 2000 SP2 security bulletins have been addressed in SP3a. If you received a SQL Server 2000 hotfix after October 14, 2002, that hotfix is not likely to be included in SP3a.

Contact your primary support provider about obtaining the same hotfix for SQL Server 2000 SP3a.

SQL Server CE Server Tools Updates

Users of Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Windows CE Edition (SQL Server CE) who have upgraded or plan to upgrade SQL Server 2000 database and publisher servers to SP3 or later should also update the server replication components on Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) servers. An updated SQL Server CE Server Tools installer is available at this Microsoft Web site (http://www.microsoft.com/sql/prodinfo/previousversions/sqlce/default.mspx) .

1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available

Updated documentation for SP3 and SP3a is available. SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3) contains minor revisions plus new information that is related to SP3 and SP3a.

You can download SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3) from this Microsoft Web site (http://www.microsoft.com/sql/prodinfo/previousversions/sqlce/20bol.mspx) .

1.7 Updated SQL Server and Analysis Services Samples Are Available

Samples for the SQL Server 2000 database engine and Analysis Services that have been updated for SP3 and SP3a are available. You can download these updated samples from this Microsoft Web site.

2.0 Downloading and Extracting SP3a

SP3a is distributed in the following ways:
  • On a SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a CD-ROM that contains service packs for the following components:
    • Database Components SP3a
    • Analysis Services SP3a
    • Desktop Engine SP3a
  • In three self-extracting files that can be downloaded from the Internet at the Microsoft SQL Server Downloads Web site (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sqlserver/bb331729.aspx) :
    • Sql2ksp3.exe (Database Components SP3a)
    • Sql2kasp3.exe (Analysis Services SP3a)
    • Sql2kdesksp3.exe (Desktop Engine SP3a)
Note Both the SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a CD-ROM and Sql2kdesksp3.exe contain all of the files that are required to install a new instance of Desktop Engine.

Note The download files for SP3a have the same names as the files for SP3. If you have an SP3a CD, you can install SP3a directly from the CD.

If you do not have an SP3a CD, you can download the appropriate file and then run it. When the download file is run on your computer, it will create a set of folders and files on your disk that have the same organization as the folders and files on the SP3a CD. After this file extraction phase is complete, you can install SP3a from the folders on your disk.

When downloading and extracting SP3a installation files from the Internet, use the following guidelines:
  • Download one of the files listed in section 2.0 and place the self-extracting file either in a folder on the computer that is running the SQL Server 2000 software that you are upgrading to SP3a, or in a folder on a network share. From that folder, run the file. The self-extraction program prompts you for the name of the folder into which you want the service pack files placed.

    Note When you extract the service pack to a network share, the path to the folder that you specify is relative to the folder in which you ran the self-extraction program.
  • On the local drive or network share to which you download the service pack installation files, you must have free space that is approximately three times the size of the self-extracting file. This includes space to store the self-extracting file, space for storing the extracted service pack files, and temporary working space required by the self-extraction program itself.
  • You can rename or move the folder after extracting the components; however, make sure that the directory path name does not contain blank spaces. You can use the same target folder for each of the self-extracting files; they will not overwrite each other or interfere with each other.
  • The self-extracting files are used to build a set of directories and files that are the same as those on the SP3a CD-ROM. If you download SP3a you must extract the files to build the service pack directories before you can run SQL Server Setup.
  • For Database Components SP3a and Analysis Services SP3a, the setup process is the same for both the CD-ROM and the extracted files.
Note Some of the files in the service packs are system files. You cannot view them unless you follow this procedure: In Windows Explorer, on the View menu, click Options, click the View tab, and then select the Show all files check box.

How to Determine the Language of an Instance of the SQL Server 2000 Database Engine or MSDE 2000

SQL Server 2000 service packs are language-specific. To upgrade SQL Server 2000, you must download and apply the service pack that has the same language as your SQL Server 2000 software. For example, if you are upgrading an instance of MSDE 2000 that uses Japanese, you must download the Japanese version of Desktop Engine SP3a.
  • Click Start, then click Run.
  • In the Open box, type Regedit, then click OK
  • Locate and select one of the following keys:
    • For a default instance of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000, locate and select this key:

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MSSQLServer\MSSQLServer\CurrentVersion
    • For a named instance of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000, locate and select this key:

      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\InstanceName\CurrentVersion where InstanceName is the name of the instance
  • In the right pane, read the value of the Language entry. Compare that value to the following table to determine the language for your instance of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000:
    Collapse this tableExpand this table
    Language registry value (in hexadecimal)Language registry value (in hexadecimal)Language registry value (in hexadecimal)
    0x000004041028Traditional Chinese
    0x000004071031German
    0x000004091033English
    0x0000040a1034Spanish
    0x0000040c1036French
    0x000004101040Italian
    0x000004111041Japanese
    0x000004121042Korean
    0x000004131043Dutch
    0x000004161046Portuguese (Brazil)
    0x0000041d1053Swedish
    0x000008052053 Simplified Chinese
Database Components and Analysis Services SP3a Files

Database Components and Analysis Services installation files both contain updated setup documentation that you can access by clicking Help during SP3a setup. This documentation does not update the version of SQL Server 2000 Books Online that is already installed on your computer. For information about how to get an updated version of SQL Server Books Online, see Section 1.6 Updated Books OnlineDocumentation Is Available. If you want to access just the updated SQL Server 2000 SP3a setup documentation without updating SQL Server Books Online, run the Setupsql.chm file. Setupsql.chm is located in the \Books subfolder of the directory on the SP3a CD-ROM, the local directory, or the network share that contains the extracted service pack files.

2.1 Downloading and Extracting Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a

Users who have an existing instance of MSDE 2000 must know how their instance of MSDE 2000 was installed to know how to patch it. You can determine this from the information recorded as a ProductCode entry in a registry key by following the instructions in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 311762.
  • If the original package name for your ProductCode value was SqlRun01.msi through SqlRun16.msi, you can upgrade your instance of MSDE 2000 using the SQL Server 2000 SP3a download files. See above for information on how to determine the language of an instance of MSDE 2000.
  • If the original package name for your ProductCode value refers to a Microsoft application, see the following page for instructions on how to upgrade that instance of MSDE 2000: Microsoft MSDE Applications Web page (http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=90dcd52c-0488-4e46-afbf-acace5369fa3&displaylang=en) .
  • If the ProductCode value is not listed in the article, then the instance was installed by the setup utility of an application. You cannot use the SQL Server 2000 SP3a download files to apply SP3a to such MSDE instances. Instead, you must get a patch file from the company that wrote the application. If the application came from a company other than Microsoft, you must contact that company for a patch file. If the application came from Microsoft, see the following page that lists the MSDE applications from Microsoft (this page will be updated with information about how to upgrade these instances of MSDE 2000): Microsoft MSDE Applications Web page (http://www.microsoft.com/sql/prodinfo/previousversions/msde/prodinfo.mspx) .
  • If the original package name for your ProductCode value was Sample.msi or SampleUpg.msi, see Knowledge Base article 314131.
Downloading MSDE 2000 SP3a

If your instance of MSDE 2000 was installed using the MSDE setup utility (original package name was SqlRun01.msi through SqlRun16.msi), you can upgrade your instance of MSDE 2000 using a SQL Server 2000 SP3a download file:
  • Go to the Microsoft SQL Server Downloads Web site (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sqlserver/bb331729.aspx) .
  • In the Full Download box in the upper-right of this page, select the language that matches the language for your instance of MSDE 2000, and click Go.
  • On the next page, locate the Files in this Download section at the bottom of the page. Depending on the language, select one of these files:
    • If you selected English, download the file SQL2KDeskSP3.exe to a folder on your computer.
    • If you selected another language, download the file LLL_SQL2KDeskSP3.exe, where LLL varies by language.
Extracting the MSDE 2000 SP3a Files

After downloading either SQL2KDeskSP3.exe or LLL_SQL2KDeskSP3.exe, you must extract the MSDE 2000 SP3a files:
  • Open Windows Explorer and navigate to the folder in which you downloaded the MSDE 2000 SP3a download file (either SQL2KDeskSP3.exe or LLL_SQL2KDeskSP3.exe, where LLL varies by language)
  • Double click on the download file to extract the SP3a MSDE files. When asked, specify the folder into which the SP3a files can be extracted.

3.0 Service Pack Installation

To install SP3a, use the installation instructions in the following sections. Not all steps are required, depending on which of the following SQL Server 2000 components or configurations you are applying the service pack to:
  • Database Components
  • Analysis Services
  • Desktop Engine
  • Failover cluster
  • Replication server
The first sentence in each of the following sections indicates the component(s) to which that section applies.

Before Starting an Installation

If your instance of the SQL Server 2000 database engine or MSDE 2000 is being used by an application, first check with the provider of the application to see if there are any database engine or MSDE 2000 upgrade considerations specific to that application.

An SP3a installation will fail if either of the following security policies has been set to Do not allow installation:
  • The Devices:Unsigned driver installation behavior local security policy for Windows XP
  • The Unsigned non-driver installation behavior local security policy for Windows 2000

    If you use the Do not allow installation setting, you must change it to Silently succeed before installing SP3a. If necessary, you can return the policy to its previous setting after the installation is complete.
Note Do not allow installationis not the default setting for these security policies.

When installing SQL Server 2000 SP3a on a computer running Windows XP, MDAC 2.7 will not be updated to MDAC 2.7 Service Pack 1a (SP1a). If your system requires any of the fixes included in MDAC 2.7 SP1a, you must first apply Windows XP Service Pack 1 before you install SQL Server 2000 SP3a. Windows XP SP1 will apply all the fixes included in MDAC 2.7 SP1a.

When installing this service pack on a pre-release version of Microsoft Windows Server 2003 build 3683 or older, you will receive the following error message:

The software you are installing has not passed Windows Logo testing to verify its compatibility with this version of Windows. This software will not be installed. Contact your system administrator.

You can choose to ignore this message. Click OK to continue Setup.

Note This message blocks an unattended installation.

When installing this service pack on a computer running Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 6a, you must apply the hotfix described in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 258437  (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/258437/ ) .

Before you install SP3a on the French version of Windows NT 4.0, follow the instructions in Knowledge Base article 259484. You can access the article from the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base. For instructions on searching the Knowledge Base, see Section 1.5 Additional Information About SP3a.

Before Starting a Database Components Installation

If you apply Database Components SP3a to an instance of SQL Server on a computer on which Analysis Services is also installed, Setup may fail when executing the script, Sp3_serv_uni.sql. If this happens, restart the computer and run Setup again.
  • SQL Server 2000 service packs do not affect the ability to back up user databases from one release (original release or a service pack) of SQL Server 2000 or MSDE 2000 and restore them on another release, except when the user database is part of a replication topology. If the user database is not part of a replication topology, you can back it up from an instance running any release of SQL Server 2000 or MSDE 2000, and restore it on an instance running any other release of SQL Server 2000 or MSDE 2000. There are additional considerations for replication that are detailed in Section 5.3.6 Backup and Restore Issues for Merge Replication.
SP3a Setup upgrades user databases that are members of a replication topology. Before installing SP3a, make sure that replication databases and filegroups are writable and that the user account that is running Setup has permission to access the databases. For more information about applying SP3a to databases that are included in replication topologies, see Section 3.11 Installing on Replicated Servers.

If SP3a Setup detects user databases or filegroups that are not writable, it:
  • Applies the SP3a replication updates to all writable user databases.
  • Writes a list of the non-writable databases to the Setup log, which is located at Winnt\Sqlsp.log.
  • Displays the following warning message:

    Setup has detected one or more databases and filegroups which are not writable.
You can ignore this warning unless some of the databases listed in the Setup log are members of a replication topology. If any of the non-writable databases listed in the Setup log are members of a replication topology, you must make those databases writable and reapply SP3a Setup to that instance of SQL Server 2000.

Note This message does not affect unattended installations. For more information about unattended installations, see Section 4.1 Unattended Installations.

Because non-writeable databases no longer cause Setup to fail, you do not have to remove log shipping before upgrading to SP3a. However, if the database is shipping logs to a database that is a replication publisher, you must:
  • Take the database offline before applying SP3a.
  • Apply SP3a to the instance.
  • Bring the database back online.
  • Log on to Query Analyzer and run the following script:
    USE master
    GO
    EXEC sp_vpupgrade_replication
    GO
    
If you apply SP3a without having taken offline all non-writeable databases shipping logs to publication databases, you will receive this error:
Error Running Script sp_vpupgrade_replication (1)
If you receive this error, follow the procedure above.

Note During installation, Setup makes no distinction between read-only databases and databases that are offline or in a suspect state. If a replication database or filegroup is in any of these conditions during setup and is involved in a replication topology, you must reapply the service pack after making the database writable.

Note Because non-writable databases no longer cause Setup to fail, you do not have to remove log shipping before upgrading to SP3a.

Preparing for a Systems Management Server Distributed Installation

You cannot install SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a remotely. However, you can use Microsoft Systems Management Server to install SP3a automatically on multiple computers running Windows NT Server 4.0. To do so, you must use a package definition file (Smssql2ksp3.pdf) that automates the creation of a SQL Server package in Systems Management Server. The SQL Server package can then be distributed and installed on computers that are running Systems Management Server. The file Sms2kdef.bat is a batch file that starts an unattended setup using Systems Management Server. In this type of installation, the Setup program automatically detects relevant system information that it needs and no user input is required.

Note You cannot use Systems Management Server to install Desktop Engine SP3a.

3.1 Back Up Your SQL Server Databases

The following information applies to all component installations except database client components.

Before installing either Database Components SP3a or Desktop Engine SP3a, back up the master, msdb, and model databases. Installing SP3a modifies the master, msdb, and model databases, making them incompatible with pre-SP3 versions of SQL Server. These backups are required if you decide to reinstall SQL Server 2000 without SP3 or SP3a.

It is also prudent to back up your user databases, although SP3a performs updates only on user databases that are members of replication topologies.

3.2 Back Up Your Analysis Services Databases and Repository

The following information applies only to Analysis Services.

Before installing Analysis Services SP3a, back up your Analysis Services databases by making a copy of the Microsoft Analysis Services\Data folder, which is installed by default under the C:\Program Files folder. If you have not migrated your Analysis Services repository to SQL Server, make a backup copy of the file Msmdrep.mdb, which is located in the Microsoft Analysis Services\Bin folder. You should also save your Analysis server registry entries by running Regedit.exe and by using the Export Registry File item on the Registry menu to export the key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\OLAPServer to a file for backup. If you have migrated your Analysis Services repository to SQL Server, back up the database that contains the repository before installing SP3a. For more information, see Uninstalling SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services SP3a.

3.3 Make Sure the System Databases Have Enough Free Space

The following information applies to all component installations except database client components and Analysis Services.

If the autogrow option is not selected for the master and msdb databases, the databases must have at least 500 kilobytes (KB) of free space. To verify that they have this space, run the sp_spaceused system stored procedure for the master or msdb database. If the unallocated space in either database is less than 500 KB, increase the size of the database. For more information, see "Expanding a Database" in SQL Server Books Online.

If the autogrow option is selected for the master and msdb databases, and there is sufficient room on the drives, you can skip this step.

To verify that the autogrow option is selected in SQL Server 2000, open SQL Server Enterprise Manager, right-click the icon for the database, and then click Properties.Verify that the Automatically grow file check box is selected.

To verify that this option is selected in MSDE 2000, use the osql command prompt utility to issue the following SQL statements:
  • sp_helpdb master
  • sp_helpdb msdb
In the output of these statements, verify that the value of the growth column is not 0.

3.4 Stop Services and Applications Before Running SP3a Setup

The following information applies to all components. You can apply SP3a without shutting down services.

If you do not shut down services, you are prompted to reboot the computer when Setup is complete. Without rebooting, the following services fail to start:
  • Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MS DTC) and the Microsoft Search and MSSQLServerOLAPService services. .
  • The MSSQLServer and SQLServerAgent services for the instance being upgraded (for example, MSSQL$NamedInstance).
  • Microsoft Component Services, Microsoft Message Queuing, and Microsoft COM Transaction Integrator.
  • All applications, including Control Panel. (optional)
You can apply SP3a without restarting your computer by stopping these services and applications before applying the SP3a.

You cannot stop the services in a clustered environment. For more information, see Section 3.10 Installing on a Failover Cluster.

3.5 Install Database Components SP3a

The following information applies to all component installations except Desktop Engine and Analysis Services.

Run the Setup.bat script from one of the following locations:
  • The directory on the local computer containing the extracted service pack files from SQL2KSP3.exe.
  • The service pack directory on the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD-ROM.
  • The directory on the network share containing the extracted service pack files from SQL2KSP3.exe.
Note In order to install database components from a network share, you must first do one of the following:
  • Map the network share containing the extracted service pack files to an available drive letter on the local computer, navigate to the directory on the mapped drive that contains Setup.bat, and then run Setup.bat.
  • Start Setup by running the Setupsql.exe file found in \X86\Setup, which is a subfolder of the directory on the network share containing the extracted service pack files.
Setup displays a dialog box that prompts you for information, such as whether you want to use SQL Server Authentication or Windows Authentication. If you choose SQL Server Authentication, you must supply the Setup program with the password for the sa login. If you choose Windows Authentication, you must be running the Setup program while logged on to Windows using a Windows login account. This login account must be a part of the sysadmin fixed server role for the instance of SQL Server 2000 you are upgrading.

The Setup program then performs the following tasks:
  • Displays an Authentication Mode dialog box if it detects that the installation is using Mixed Mode Authentication with a blank password for the sa login. Leaving the sa login password blank provides users with easy administrative access to SQL Server or Desktop Engine and is not recommended; protect your systems by enforcing an sa password or by using Windows Authentication. To learn more about this dialog, see Authentication Mode Dialog Box later in this section.
  • Displays an SA Password Warning dialog box if it detects a blank password for the sa login. Although you can continue your installation with a blank password for the sa login by explicitly choosing to ignore the recommendation and continue Setup, a blank password poses a security risk and is not recommended. This dialog is displayed regardless of the authentication mode you use.

    Note This password change is made immediately; even if Setup fails, the password is still changed.
  • Displays a Backward Compatibility Checklist dialog box that warns of any backward compatibility issues that you may encounter when applying the service pack. To learn more about this dialog, see Backward Compatibility Checklist Dialog Box later in this section.
  • Displays a dialog box if it detects that any databases or filegroups are not writable. At this point, if any of these databases or filegroups are part of a replication topology you can either:
    • Stop the setup process, make these objects writable, and restart Setup.
    • Continue with the current SP3a setup process and reapply SP3a at a later time after making these objects writable.

      Note The previous steps are necessary only when applying SP3a to non-writable databases or filegroups that are part of a replication topology. For more information, see Section 3.12 Applying SP3a to Read-Only Databases or Filegroups.
  • Displays an Error Reporting dialog box with information about how to enable the new error reporting feature that is included in SP3a. For more information about error reporting, see Section 5.10 Error Reporting.
  • Updates MDAC components if necessary. For more information, see Section 5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components.
  • Replaces existing SQL Server 2000 files with SP3a files..
  • Runs Transact-SQL script files to update system stored procedures
  • Displays an option to reboot the computer in the final dialog box if Setup determines that a reboot is needed.


Authentication Mode Dialog Box

The Authentication Mode dialog box does not default to the current settings for the installation. The dialog box defaults are:
  • On computers running Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition, the default setting is Mixed Mode Authentication (the only authentication mode supported on these operating systems). The dialog box prompts you to specify a password for the sa login. If you specify a password, Setup changes the sa login password. If you leave the password blank, Setup connects without changing the password
  • On computers running Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000, the default setting is Windows Authentication. Use the dialog box to switch to Windows Authentication Mode or Mixed Mode with an sa login password that is not blank.

    Note Before changing the authentication mode or the password for the sa login, make sure that this change does not affect existing applications. For example, if you change an instance of SQL Server from using Mixed Mode Authentication to using only Windows Authentication, existing applications attempting to connect using SQL Server Authentication cannot connect until the authentication mode is set to Windows Authentication. Also, if you change the sa login password, applications or administrative processes using the old password cannot connect until they are configured to use the new password.
Important For security reasons, you should never have a blank password on the sa login.

The Setup program places a record of the actions it performs in the Sqlsp.log file. This log file is stored in the Windows directory of the computer on which Setup is run. If you upgrade multiple instances, only the most recent upgrade is recorded in this log.

Backward Compatibility Checklist Dialog Box

The Backward Compatibility Checklist dialog box lists backward compatibility issues that you may encounter when applying the service pack. The backward compatibility issues that appear in the checklist vary depending on the configuration of the instance of SQL Server 2000 that is being upgraded.

The following backward compatibility issues may be addressed in this dialog:
  • When upgrading from SP2 or earlier, SP3a upgrades Microsoft Search service and automatically rebuilds the full-text catalogs for all applications using the service. During the rebuild, full-text functionality may not be fully available. You must select this check box before continuing Setup. For more information, see Section 5.1.5 Full-Text Catalogs Are Rebuilt After Setup Completes.
  • Before you apply the service pack, you must upgrade your SQL Server 2000 master/target server configuration. The enhancements introduced with SP3a are compatible only with servers that are running SQL Server 2000 SP3 or SP3a. You must select this check box before continuing Setup. For more information, see Section 5.4.2 Changes to Master/Target Server Configurations.
  • Cross-database ownership chaining is turned off by default in this service pack. After installation, you can enable cross-database ownership chaining for individual databases. Selecting this optional check box enables you to allow cross-database ownership chaining for all databases. For more information, see Section 5.1.11 Cross-Database Ownership Chaining.

    Note Enabling cross-database ownership chaining for all databases is not recommended.

    Note If you had previously enabled cross-database ownership chaining on a pre-release version of SP3 (before build 8.00.760) you will need to enable it again when installing SP3a.

3.6 Install Analysis Services SP3a

The following information applies only to Analysis Services.

To install Analysis Services SP3a, run Setup.exe from either of the following locations:
  • The Msolap\Install subdirectory in the directory containing the extracted Analysis Services SP3a files from SQL2KASP3.exe.
  • The Msolap\Install directory on the SP3a CD-ROM.
Setup then performs the following tasks:
  • Opens a Setup dialog box that prompts you for information. For more information about error reporting, see 5.10 Error Reporting.
  • Displays an Error Reporting dialog box with information about how to enable the new error reporting feature included in SP3a.
  • Copies the necessary files, and completes the installation


Additional Analysis Services Installation Issues

After installing Analysis Services SP3a you must also upgrade any computers used for remote administration to SP3 or SP3a. Otherwise, you receive the following error message when you attempt to connect remotely through Analysis Manager:

Unable to connect to the registry on the server (server_name), or you are not a member of the OLAP Administrators group of this server.

Meta Data Services has added a new dedicated role named RepositoryUser, which can be used to access and update repository information in the msdb database. The RepositoryUser role has create, read, update, delete, and execute permissions on the msdb repository. The public role has been replaced by this new role and no longer has permissions on this repository. If the following conditions are met, the OLAP Administrators group must be added to the RepositoryUser role so that members of this group can access the repository after the service pack is applied:
  • The repository is in the Meta Data Services format.
  • The repository uses the msdb database.
  • The OLAP Administrators group previously used the public role to access the repository.
Note This change also affects remote servers that access the Meta Data Services repository on a server that has been upgraded to SP3 or SP3a. Remote server logins must be added to the RepositoryUser role as well.

Note The OLAP Administrators group must be added to the RepositoryUser role before you restore a Meta Data Services repositorythat was backed up prior to upgrading to SP3 or SP3a; otherwise, the restore operation will fail.

For more information about the RepositoryUser role, see Section 5.6.3 New RepositoryUser Role for Accessing Repository Information.

If the Analysis Services Data folder is located on a computer other than the one on which the Analysis server is running, you must modify the permissions on the folder after running SP3a Setup. For more information, see Section 5.2.10 Permissions Must be Modified on a Remote Data Folder.
3.7.2 Security Considerations for MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

Desktop Engine SP3a contains a complete set of the files required to install or upgrade instances of SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000). You can perform all of the MSDE 2000 setup actions with the files from Desktop Engine SP3a, provided you have a license to install or upgrade an instance of MSDE 2000. For more information about MSDE 2000 licensing, see Uses of MSDE 2000.

You may not be able to apply Desktop Engine SP3a to instances of MSDE 2000 that were installed by the setup utility of an application.You must contact the application provider for a patch file that can be used to upgrade these instances of MSDE 2000. For instructions on how to determine if an instance of MSDE 2000 falls into this category, see section 2.1 Downloading and Extracting Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a.
The following sections provide important background information about the MSDE 2000 SP3a Setup:
  • 3.7.1 Prerequisites for MSDE 2000 SP3a
  • 3.7.2 Security Considerations for MSDE 2000 SP3a
  • 3.7.3 MSDE 2000 Setup Parameters
The following sections cover the most common scenarios for either upgrading an existing instance of MSDE to SP3a, or installing a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a:
  • 3.7.4 Upgrading Existing Instances of MSDE 2000 To SP3a
  • 3.7.5 Installing a New Instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a
  • 3.7.6 Upgrading MSDE 1.0 to MSDE 2000 SP3a
If you need additional information, the primary source of documentation for MSDE 2000 SP3a setup is in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3). There were some changes made to MSDE 2000 SP3 and SP3a that are not fully reflected in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3); those features are covered in this readme file. For more information about installing SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3), see section 1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available.
3.7.1 Prerequisites for MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

The following requirements apply to SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a installations.

When upgrading MSDE 2000, you must separately apply Desktop Engine SP3a to every instance of MSDE 2000.

Note Microsoft does not support configurations where there are more than 16 instances of the database engine on one computer. This includes instances of SQL Server 6.5, SQL Server 7.0, SQL Server 2000, MSDE 1.0, and MSDE 2000.

Always start the MSDE 2000 Setup by running Setup.exe. Do not start Setup by directly invoking one of the MSDE 2000 .msi files, such as by double-clicking one of the MSDE 2000 .msi files. You must run Setup from the command prompt and specify parameters to install or upgrade any instance of MSDE. For more information on the required parameters, see sections 3.7.2 through 3.7.6.

Problems can occur if you use a Terminal Services connection to attempt to upgrade an existing instance of MSDE to SP3a, or to install a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a. If problems are encountered, restart Setup from the local computer.

You must know the instance name of the instance of MSDE you are installing or upgrading using the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup. If you are installing or upgrading a named instance of MSDE, you must use the INSTANCENAME parameter to specify the instance name. If you do not specify INSTANCENAME, Setup operates on the default instance of MSDE on that computer. In versions of MSDE 2000 Setup before SP3, users needed to specify the .msi installation package file used to install or upgrade an instance of MSDE 2000. In SP3 and later versions of Setup, Setup manages the .msi files and you do not need to specify the .msi file for either an upgrade or a new installation.

You can run the MSDE 2000 SP3a Setup from your hard drive, a network share, or a CD-ROM. When upgrading an instance of MSDE 2000 to SP3a, you can only run Setup from a network share or a CD-ROM if the original files used to install the instance of MSDE 2000 are still present in the location they occupied during the original installation. If the original installation was from a CD-ROM, MSDE 2000 SP3a setup will request the original CD-ROM during the upgrade. If the original files are no longer in their original location, or the original CD-ROM is not available, you must copy the MSDE 2000 SP3a files to your hard drive and run Setup from there.

If you create your own CD-ROM for installing SP3a, the volume label on the CD-ROM must be SQL2KSP3. If you are an independent software vendor (ISV) creating a CD-ROM for the purpose of distributing Desktop Engine as a component of your application, the CD-ROM volume label must be identical to the VolumeLabel property in the Media table of the Windows Installer package (*.msi).
You can install the upgrade for Desktop Engine from a CD-ROM only if you are using Windows Installer version 2.0.2600.0 or later.If you need to upgrade Windows Installer, SP3a includes the files needed to upgrade Windows Installer.

To upgrade Windows Installer:
  1. Using Windows Explorer, navigate to the \MSDE\MSI folder on either the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD, or in the folders that you extracted from SQL2KDeskSP3.exe.
  2. Run InstMsi20.exe.
  3. When prompted, reboot the computer.
3.7.2 Security Considerations for MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

The behavior of MSDE 2000 setup has been changed in SP3a so that the default settings result in a more secure configuration.

Desktop Engine SP3a changes the default behavior of the DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS setup parameter that specifies the configuration of the network connection support for an instance of MSDE 2000. If no application running on another computer will connect to your instance of MSDE 2000, the instance has no need for network support and it is prudent to turn off a resource that is not being used. SP3a will turn off the network support by default when installing new instances of MSDE 2000. If you disable the network support when installing an instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a, you can later reconfigure the instance to enable the support. For more information about disabling and restoring network access, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 814130.

By default, the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup will not install a new instance of MSDE 2000 unless you use the SAPWD parameter to specify a strong sa password. By default, the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup will not upgrade an existing instance of MSDE 2000 unless you have assigned a strong password to the sa login. You should assign a strong password to the sa login, even when upgrading an existing instance, unless the application using your instance of MSDE depends in some way on a null sa password. Even if the instance of MSDE 2000 is running in Windows Authentication mode, the sa login becomes immediately active if the instance is ever switched to Mixed Mode. A null, blank, simple, or well-known sa password could be used for unauthorized access. If you need to assign a strong sa password before upgrading your instance of MSDE 2000 to SP3a, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 322336.

Whenever possible, for greater security, use Windows Authentication with your MSDE 2000 installation. Consider switching from Mixed Mode to Windows Authentication Mode if:
  • The applications using MSDE 2000 can run using Windows Authentication.
  • You have defined Windows Authentication logins for all users who need to connect to the instance. For more information about adding logins, see Adding a Windows User or Group in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online.
  • The instance of MSDE 2000 is not running on Windows 98 or Windows ME.
For more information on changing an instance of MSDE 2000 from Mixed Mode to Windows Authentication Mode, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 322336.
3.7.3 MSDE 2000 Setup Parameters
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

MSDE 2000 is designed to be distributed with applications and installed by the setup program of the application. MSDE 2000 does not have an interactive setup program. The setup mechanisms for MSDE 2000 are designed to be called by an application setup utility, where any required interaction with the end-user is handled by the application setup. MSDE 2000 has two installation mechanisms:
  • A command prompt Setup utility. The setup utility is usually called by an application setup utility, but can also be run from a command prompt window. The MSDE 2000 setup utility does not have a graphical user interface through which a user can control the behavior of the utility. Instead, this utility accepts a set of parameters that define what actions the utility should take.
  • A set of Windows Installer merge modules. Developers who write Windows Installer-based setup utilities can code their application setup to install an instance MSDE 2000 by consuming the MSDE 2000 merge modules. Developers can control the configuration of the installed instance by specifying installation package properties that correspond to the MSDE 2000 setup utility parameters.
Users can use the command prompt MSDE 2000 Setup utility to either upgrade existing instances of MSDE or to install new instances of MSDE 2000. Users control the behavior of the MSDE 2000 Setup program by specifying parameters. The setup parameters can be specified in one of two ways:
  • On the command line.
  • In an .ini file read by the Setup utility.
Most of the parameters supported by the MSDE 2000 SP3a version of Setup are documented in the topic "Customizing Desktop Engine Setup.exe" in SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated – SP3). For more information about installing SQL Server 2000 Books Online, see section 1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available.

You must enclose the values for MSDE Setup parameters in double quotation marks if the value specified has special characters, such as blanks. Otherwise the quotation marks are optional.

These MSDE 2000 SP3a Setup parameters are either not documented in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated – SP3), or behave differently than described in the Books Online.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Parameter nameDescription
ALLOWXDBCHAINING=1Enables cross-database ownership chaining. For more information, see Section 5.1.11 Cross-Database Ownership Chaining.
SAPWD=sa_passwordSpecifies the password to be assigned to the sa login when installing a new instance of MSDE 2000. SAPWD is ignored when you upgrade an existing instance of MSDE 2000, so you should ensure the sa login has a strong password before upgrading. You should always specify a strong sa password, even when using Windows Authentication Mode. While the SAPWD property not written to the installation log file when running Setup.exe, it is if you install using merge modules.
/upgradesp { SQLRUN | [<MSIPath>]SqlRunXX.msi } Specifies that setup will upgrade an existing instance of MSDE 2000 to SP3a. For SP3 and later, this switch replaces the /p switch supported by earlier versions of Setup. Do not use the /p switch with SP3 or later. When upgrading to SP3a, you are no longer required to specify the .msi file used to install the existing instance of MSDE 2000. Most users simply specify SQLRUN, in which case the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup utility determines which .msi file to use. When you specify SQLRUN without specifying an INSTANCENAME, setup will upgrade the default instance of MSDE 2000. If you specify both SQLRUN and an INSTANCENAME, setup will upgrade the instance you specified using the INSTANCENAME parameter. When you specify the name of an MSDE 2000 .msi installation package file, setup will upgrade whichever instance on the computer was originally installed with a merge module of the same name. For example, if you specify SqlRun01.msi, setup will upgrade whichever instance of MSDE 2000 was originally installed using SqlRun01.msi. MSIPath is the path to the folder holding the .msi file. MSIPath defaults to Setup\. For examples of specifying /upgradesp, see section 3.7.4 Upgrading Existing Instances of MSDE 2000 To SP3a
UPGRADEUSER=AnAdminLoginSpecifies the login to be used when you upgrade an instance of either MSDE 1.0 or MSDE 2000 using SQL Server Authentication. The login must be a member of the sysadmin fixed server role. This parameter is only used when you specify SECURITYMODE=SQL when upgrading an instance of MSDE.
UPGRADEPWD= AdminPassword Specifies the password for the login specified in UPGRADEUSER when you upgrade Desktop Engine using SQL Server Authentication.
Desktop Engine SP3 introduced a new DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS parameter. The behavior of DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS changed in the Desktop Engine SP3a to be more secure by default.

These are the behaviors of DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS in SP3a.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS ValueUpgrading Existing InstanceInstalling New Instance
1Instance is configured with all server Net-Libraries disabled.Instance is configured with all server Net-Libraries disabled.
0The existing server Net-Library configuration is retained.Instance is configured with default server Net-Libraries and addresses enabled.
Parameter not specified, or is any value other than 0 or 1The existing server Net-Library configuration is retained.Instance is configured with all server Net-Libraries disabled.
In SP3, DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS has two differences in behavior compared to SP3a:
  • When installing a new instance using SP3, and DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS is either not specified or set to a value other than 0 or 1, then the instance is installed with the default Net-Libraries and addresses enabled. In SP3a, the Net-Libraries are disabled.
  • Whenever all Net-Libraries are disabled for an instance of MSDE 2000 SP3, the instance will still use UDP port 1434. In SP3a, the instance will not use UDP port 1434 in that configuration. For more information, see section 5.1.15 Operations On UDP Port 1434.
For more information about default Net-Library configurations, see the topic "Controlling Net-Libraries and Communications Addresses" in SQL Server 2000 Books Online.

If you are a developer incorporating the MSDE 2000 merge modules (.msi files) into a Windows Installer setup, you can specify the setup parameters above as properties in the .msi file. Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a provides merge modules to support existing applications that use merge modules. The Setup utilities for new applications should be written to call the MSDE 2000 Setup utility instead of directly consuming the MSDE 2000 merge modules.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Parameter nameMerge Module Property
ALLOWXDBCHAININGSqlAllowXDBChaining
DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLSSqlDisableNetworkProtocols
SAPWDSqlSaPwd
UPGRADEUSERSqlUpgradeUser
UPGRADEPWDSqlUpgradePwd
For information about the merge module properties that correspond to other Setup parameters, see the topic "Using the SQL Server Desktop Engine Merge Modules" in SQL Server 2000 Books Online.

Requesting a Setup Log

If you encounter difficulties running setup and need a verbose log to assist in debugging, specify /L*v <LogFileName>. <LogFileName> is the name of a log file where setup will record all of its actions. If you do not specify a path as part of the name, the log file is created in the current folder. If you are executing setup from the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD, you must specify the full path to a folder on your disk. This example creates a log file MSDELog.log in root folder of the C: drive:

setup /upgradesp sqlrun DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1 /L*v C:/MSDELog.log
3.7.4 Upgrading Existing Instances of MSDE 2000 To SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).
The examples in this section will upgrade an existing instance of MSDE 2000 to SP3a, and also disable the network connectivity for that instance of MSDE 2000. If the instance must accept connections from applications running on other computers, do not specify the DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS parameter.
The examples in this section assume that the sa login has a strong password. For more information about the sa login password, see section 3.7.2 Security Considerations for MSDE 2000 SP3a.

To upgrade SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine
  1. Open a command prompt window.
  2. From the command prompt, use the cd command to navigate to the folder containing the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup utility:
    cd c:\MSDESP3aFolder\MSDE
    where c:\MSDESP3aFolder is either the path to the folder into which you extracted the MSDE 2000 SP3a files, or the Desktop Engine SP3a folder on the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD.
  3. Execute one of the following commands:
    • For a default instance using Windows Authentication Mode, execute:

      setup /upgradesp sqlrun DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
    • For a named instance using Windows Authentication Mode, execute:

      setup /upgradesp sqlrun INSTANCENAME=InstanceName DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
    • For a default instance using Mixed Mode (where AnAdminLogin is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role), execute:

      setup /upgradesp sqlrun SECURITYMODE=SQL UPGRADEUSER=AnAdminLogin UPGRADEPWD=AdminPassword DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
    • For a named instance using Mixed Mode (where AnAdminLogin is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role), execute:

      setup /upgradesp sqlrun INSTANCENAME= InstanceName SECURITYMODE=SQL UPGRADEUSER=AnAdminLogin UPGRADEPWD=AdminPassword DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
Important If you use an .ini file during setup, avoid storing credentials in the .ini file.

Note When upgrading Desktop Engine on a computer running Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition, the instance of Desktop Engine that you are upgrading must be stopped before starting Setup.
3.7.5 Installing a New Instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

The examples in this section will install a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a that has been configured with its network connectivity disabled. If the instance must accept connections from applications running on other computers, also specify DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=0.

These examples install instances using the defaults for all configuration items such as collation and file locations. The configurations can be controlled by setup parameters, such as COLLATION, DATADIR, and TARGETDIR. For more information about the configuration parameters that you can specify with setup, see "Customizing Desktop Engine Setup.exe" in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated – SP3). For more information about installing SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3), see section 1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available.

To install a new instance of Desktop Engine
  1. Open a command prompt window.
  2. From the command prompt, use the cd command to navigate to the folder containing the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup utility:

    cd c:\MSDESP3aFolder\MSDE
  3. where c:\MSDESP3aFolder is either the path to the folder into which you extracted the MSDE 2000 SP3a files, or the Desktop Engine SP3a folder on the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD.
  4. Execute one of the following commands:
    To install a default instance configured to use Windows Authentication Mode, execute: 
    setup SAPWD="AStrongSAPwd"
    Where AStrongSAPwd is a strong password to be assigned to the sa login.
    
    To install a named instance configured to use Windows Authentication Mode, execute: 
    setup INSTANCENAME="InstanceName" SAPWD="AStrongSAPwd"
    Where AStrongSAPwd is a strong password to be assigned to the sa login and InstanceName is the name to be assigned to the instance.
    
    To install a default instance configured to use Mixed Mode, execute: 
    setup SAPWD="AStrongSAPwd" SECURITYMODE=SQL
    Where AStrongSAPwd is a strong password to be assigned to the sa login.
    
    To install a named instance configured to use Mixed Mode, execute: 
    setup INSTANCENAME="InstanceName" SECURITYMODE=SQL SAPWD="AStrongSAPwd"
    Where AStrongSAPwd is a strong password to be assigned to the sa login and InstanceName is the name to be assigned to the instance.
    
    
Important If you are using an .ini file during setup, avoid storing credentials in the .ini file.

Important Always specify a strong password for the sa login, even when the instance is configured to use Windows Authentication Mode.
3.7.6 Upgrading MSDE 1.0 to MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

The examples in this section will upgrade an existing instance of MSDE 1.0 to MSDE 2000 SP3a, and also disable the network connectivity for the instance. If the instance must accept connections from applications running on other computers, do not specify the DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS parameter.

MSDE 1.0 operates in the same fashion as a default instance of MSDE 2000, and is always upgraded to a default instance of MSDE 2000.

To upgrade from Desktop Engine version 1.0
  1. Open a command prompt window.
  2. From the command prompt, use the cd command to navigate to the folder containing the MSDE 2000 SP3a setup utility:
    cd c:\MSDESP3aFolder\MSDE
  3. where c:\MSDESP3aFolder is either the path to the folder into which you extracted the MSDE 2000 SP3a files, or the Desktop Engine SP3a folder on the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD.

    Execute one of the following commands:
    • When using Windows Authentication Mode, execute:

      setup UPGRADE=1 DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
    • When using Mixed Mode (where AnAdminLogin is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role), execute:

      setup UPGRADE=1 SECURITYMODE=SQL UPGRADEUSER=AnAdminLogin UPGRADEPWD=AdminPassword DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS=1
Note If you use BLANKSAPWD=1, you are not required to specify SECURITYMODE=SQL or UPGRADEUSER and UPGRADEPWD.

Caution The use of blank passwords is strongly discouraged.

Important If you use an .ini file during setup, avoid storing credentials in the .ini file.
3.7.7 Redistributing MSDE 2000 SP3a
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

Desktop Engine SP3a contains all of the files necessary to redistribute MSDE 2000 with applications, provided the application vendor has a license to distribute MSDE 2000. You can distribute the Desktop Engine SP3a files as documented in the SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated SP3), with changes specific to SP3a covered in these sections:
  • 3.7.2 Security Considerations for MSDE 2000 SP3a
  • 3.7.3 MSDE 2000 Setup Parameters
For more information about installing SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3), see section 1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available.

Distributing Desktop Engine SP3a Patches

If an application has a Windows Installer-based setup utility, it can install an instance of MSDE 2000 by consuming the MSDE 2000 merge modules. Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) SP3a provides merge modules to support existing applications that use merge modules. The Setup utilities for new applications should be written to call the MSDE 2000 Setup utility instead of directly consuming the MSDE 2000 merge modules.

Vendors who choose to install instances of MSDE 2000 using the MSDE 2000 merge modules must also supply all subsequent MSDE 2000 patches to their customers. Instances of MSDE 2000 installed using merge modules are marked with a product code GUID associated with the application by Windows Installer. Only patch files that also contain the application product code GUID can patch those instances of MSDE 2000. Only patch files produced by the application vendor will contain the proper product codes. The Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000) service packs supplied by Microsoft cannot be applied to those instances. The application vendor must build patch files using the Desktop Engine SP3a files and distribute those patch files to any of their MSDE customers who need the fixes in SP3a.

For more information about creating patch packages, see the documentation included with the Windows Installer Software Development Kit (SDK), which can be downloaded from the Microsoft Platform SDK Web site (http://www.microsoft.com/msdownload/platformsdk/sdkupdate/default.htm) .

If an application setup utility installs an instance of MSDE 2000 by calling the MSDE 2000 setup utility, the instance of MSDE 2000 is marked with the MSDE 2000 product code GUID. Customers can patch these instances using the standard Microsoft MSDE 2000 service pack files. The application vendor can choose one of the following alternatives for distributing MSDE 2000 SP3a:
  • Instruct their customers to install Desktop Engine SP3a from either the SQL Server 2000 SP3a download page or a SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD.
  • Download the SQL2KDeskSP3.exe download file and distribute that to their customers with instructions on how to apply the service pack.
  • Using the Desktop Engine SP3a files, build a service pack application utility that will install SP3a on the instances of MSDE 2000 installed by the application.
Application vendors who elect to instruct their customers to apply SP3a directly should develop a set of instructions customized to the needs of their customers.

For examples of the types of MSDE 2000 service pack instructions Microsoft application teams prepared for their customers, see this Microsoft MSDE Applications Web page (http://www.microsoft.com/sql/prodinfo/previousversions/msde/prodinfo.mspx) .
3.7.8 MSDE 2000 SP3a Files
The following information applies only to Desktop Engine (MSDE 2000).

All Desktop Engine SP3a installation files and folders are located in the \MSDE folder:
  • On the SQL Server 2000 SP3a CD-ROM
  • In the directory containing the extracted service pack files from SQL2KDeskSP3.exe The \MSDE folder holds the SP3readme.htm file, the readme.txt file, the license.txt file, and the executable files for the Setup utility. It also has the following subfolders:
  • \Msi: contains the executable files needed to install Windows Installer, or upgrade Windows Installer if it is earlier than 2.0.2600.0.
  • \MSM: Contains the merge modules needed for a merge module setup.
  • \Setup: Contains the .msi installation package files required by the MSDE 2000 setup to install a new instance of MSDE 2000 SP3a, or the msp patch package files to upgrade existing instances of MSDE 2000 to SP3a, and the sqlrun.cab cabinet file containing the files installed by Setup.
For a description of using the Desktop Engine merge modules, see the topic "Using SQL Server Desktop Engine Merge Modules" in SQL Server Books Online.

If your application setup calls MSDE 2000 Setup, build a folder with this structure and sets of files (where MSDEInstallFolder represents an example folder name):

MSDEInstallFolder

Copy in these files from the Desktop Engine SP3a \MSDE folder: Setup.exe, Setup.ini, Setup.rll, and sqlresld.dll.

MSDEInstallFolder\Msi

Copy in all of the files from the Desktop Engine SP3a \MSDE\Msi folder.

MSDEInstallFolder\Setup

Copy in all of the files from the Desktop Engine SP3a \MSDE\Setup folder.

You can then execute Setup.exe to install or upgrade instances of MSDE 2000 SP3a.

If Windows Installer has not been installed on the computer, or is a version earlier than the version tested with MSDE 2000 SP3a Setup, Setup will use the files in the MSDEInstallFolder\Msi folder to upgrade Windows Installer.

3.8 Restart Services

The following information applies to all components.

When Setup completes, it may prompt you to restart the system. After the system restarts (or after Setup completes without requesting a restart), use the Services application in Control Panel to make sure that any services you stopped before applying the service pack are now running. This includes services such as MS DTC and the Microsoft Search, MSSQLServer, MSSQLServerOLAPService, and SQLServerAgent services or their instance-specific equivalents.

It is prudent to also back up the upgraded master and msdb databases at this time.

3.9 Restart Applications

The following information applies to all components.

Restart the applications you closed before running the service pack Setup program.

3.10 Installing on a Failover Cluster

The following information applies only to SQL Server 2000 components that are part of a failover cluster.

To install the service pack on a failover cluster
  1. If any resources have been added with dependencies on SQL Server resources, those dependencies must either be removed or taken offline before you install SP3a.
  2. Run the service pack from the node that owns the group containing the virtual server that you are going to upgrade. If you do not do this, the installation of SP3a may cause those dependent resources to fail over.This installs the service pack files on all nodes in the failover cluster.
  3. In the Setup dialog box, type the name of the virtual server that you are upgrading.
  4. Keep all nodes of the cluster online during setup. This ensures that the upgrade is applied to each node of the cluster.
  5. If you removed dependencies or took resources offline in Step 1 above, add back the dependencies or bring the resources back online.
Note Setup might require rebooting of the failover cluster nodes. This replaces the files that were in use during setup with the updated files.

If you are upgrading a default (non-clustered) instance of SQL Server to a virtual server, first, you must upgrade the default (non-clustered) instance to a virtual instance, and then apply SP3a.For more information about upgrading, see "How to upgrade from a default instance to a default clustered instance of SQL Server 2000 (Setup)" in SQL Server Books Online.

For additional information on installing SP3a on a failover cluster, see Knowledge Base article 811168.

If you need to rebuild a node in the failover cluster, perform the following steps
  1. Rebuild the node in the failover cluster. For more information about rebuilding a node, see "How to recover from failover cluster failure in Scenario 1" in SQL Server Books Online.
  2. Run the original SQL Server 2000 Setup program to add the node back to the failover cluster.
  3. Run SP3a Setup on the newly added node. This will update to SP3a only the binaries on the new node.
Note If you run Setup from the node where the virtual server is running, you must reapply SP3a to all the nodes. You must also rerun the database upgrade scripts.

When installing Analysis Services SP3a on a cluster, each instance must be upgraded separately.

To install SP3a on an Analysis Services cluster
  1. Install SP3a on a failover node.
  2. Fail over to the newly upgraded node.
  3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until all instances in the cluster are upgraded.

3.11 Installing on Replicated Servers

The following information applies only to SQL Server 2000 components that are part of a replication topology:
  • You must upgrade the Distributor before you upgrade the Publisher.
  • For replication topologies based on transactional replication with read-only Subscribers, you can upgrade the Subscriber before or after the Publisher and Distributor.
  • For replication topologies based on merge replication or transactional replication with updating Subscribers, you must upgrade the Subscriber after the Publisher and Distributor.
Note In many cases, especially in merge replication, the Distributor and Publisher are on the same server and are upgraded at the same time.

Installing SP3a on a Server that Acts as a Publisher and a Subscriber

For replication topologies based on merge replication or transactional replication with updating Subscribers that include one or more servers that act as both a Subscriber and a Publisher (or Distributor), you might need to quiesce the system (in other words, stop all updates) and upgrade all servers simultaneously.

Example 1: Topology That Requires Simultaneous Upgrades

The following table includes servers that both publish and subscribe to publications that allow updates at the Subscriber. As noted earlier, you must follow the upgrade order Distributor, Publisher, Subscriber for topologies that allow updates at the Subscriber.This order requires you to upgrade Server A first for the merge publication and Server B first for the transactional publication with updating Subscribers. In this case, you must quiesce the system and upgrade the servers simultaneously.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Server AServer B
Publisher/Distributor for merge replicationSubscriber for merge replication
Subscriber for transactional replication with updatingPublisher/Distributor for transactional replication with updating
Example 2: Topology That Allows Sequential Upgrades .

In this example, you can upgrade Server A first because the read-only transactional publication allows a Subscriber to be upgraded before the Publisher/Distributor.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Server AServer B
Publisher/Distributor for merge replicationSubscriber for merge replication
Subscriber for read-only transactional replicationPublisher/Distributor for read-only transactional replication
Additional Replication Installation Issues

Important Before you upgrade to SP3a, ensure that the Windows account under which the SQL Server service runs is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role. You must do this because replication distribution databases are upgraded under the context of the SQL Server service account. After upgrading to SP3a, you should remove the Windows account from the sysadmin role.

If you are using merge replication and the Distributor is located on another computer or database instance (a remote Distributor), after applying SP3a you must generate a new snapshot.

SP3a introduces a change in the requirements for attaching or restoring replication databases. For more information, see Section 5.3.17 Change to Requirements for Attaching or Restoring a Replication Database.

SP3a Setup upgrades user databases that are members of a replication topology. If any of the databases that are members of a replication topology are non-writable, to apply SP3a to those databases you must make them writable, and then reapplySP3a Setup. For more information about making a database writable, see Section 3.12 Applying SP3a to Read-Only Databases or Filegroups. For information about reapplying SP3a, see Section 3.14 Reapplying SP3a.

An existing backup scheme that accounts for replication allows you to restore a database to a known point after the SP3a upgrade in case of a failure. After applying SP3a, a log or full database backup is recommended for any user database that is included in a replication topology. This way, if a replication database fails, you do not have to reapply SP3a after the database is restored.

3.12 Applying SP3a to Read-Only Databases or Filegroups

The following information applies only to SQL Server 2000 components that are part of a replication topology.

When non-writable databases or filegroups exist, Setup displays the following message:

Setup has detected one or more databases and filegroups which are not writable.

In general, you can ignore this warning and setup will continue. However, if any of the non-writable databases listed in the Setup log are members of a replication topology, you must make those databases writable and reapply SP3a Setup to that instance of SQL Server 2000.

Note This message does not affect unattended installations. For more information about unattended installations, see Section 4.1 Unattended Installations.

Note During installation, Setup makes no distinction between non-writable databases and databases that are offline or in a suspect state. If a database or filegroup is in any of these conditions during setup, you must reapply the service pack. For more information about bringing a database online, see the topic "Attaching and Detaching a Database" in SQL Server Books Online. For more information about diagnosing suspect databases, see the topic "Server and Database Troubleshooting" in SQL Server Books Online.

To apply SP3a to a read-only database
  1. Make the read-only database writable using the ALTER DATABASE statement, as follows:ALTER DATABASE database SET READ_WRITE .
  2. Repeat Step 1 for all read-only databases.
  3. Apply (or reapply) the service pack.
  4. If required, make the database read-only again using ALTER DATABASE, as follows:

    ALTER DATABASE database SET READ_ONLY
To apply SP3a to a read-only filegroup
  1. Make the read-only filegroup writable using ALTER DATABASE, as follows: ALTER DATABASE Database MODIFY FILEGROUP filegroup_name READWRITE
  2. Repeat Step 1 for all read-only filegroups.
  3. Apply (or reapply) the service pack.
  4. Make the filegroup read-only again using ALTER DATABASE, as follows:

    ALTER DATABASE Database MODIFY FILEGROUP
    filegroup_name READONLY
For more information about ALTER DATABASE, see the "ALTER DATABASE" reference topic in SQL Server Books Online.For more information about reapplying SP3a, see Section 3.14 Reapplying SP3a.

3.13 Uninstalling SP3a

The way in which you remove SQL Server SP3a depends on the SQL Server 2000 SP3 components that you are removing.

Note MDAC updates are not uninstalled. For more information, see Section 5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components.

Uninstalling SQL Server 2000 Database Components and Desktop Engine SP3a

To revert to the pre-SP3a versions of SQL Server 2000 components, you must have back ups of the master, msdb, and model databases taken prior to installing SP3a. For more information, see Section 3.1 Back Up Your SQL Server Databases.

Note If any of the databases are involved in replication, you must disable publishing. To disable publishing:
  1. In SQL Server Enterprise Manager, expand a SQL Server group, expand a server, right-click the Replication folder, and then click Configure Publishing, Subscribers, and Distribution.
  2. Click the Publication Databases tab.
  3. Clear the check box for each database that is involved in replication. This allows the databases to be detached.
To revert to the pre-SP3a version of SQL Server
  1. Detach all user databases. For more information, see "How to attach and detach a database (Enterprise Manager)" in SQL Server Books Online.
  2. Uninstall SQL Server. In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs, and then select the instance of SQL Server that you want to uninstall.
  3. Install SQL Server 2000 from the CD-ROM or the location from which you originally installed SQL Server.
  4. Apply any service packs and QFE fixes that were installed prior to SP3a.
  5. Restore the databases master, msdb, and model from the last backup that was created before applying SP3a.This automatically attaches any user databases that were attached at the time the backup was created, assuming that the location of the data files has not changed.
  6. Attach any user databases that were created after the last backup of the master database.
  7. Configure replication if necessary.
Warning When you revert to the pre-SP3a version of SQL Server, all changes made to the databases master, msdb, and model since applying SP3a are lost

Uninstalling SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services SP3a

To be able to return Analysis Services to its pre-SP3a state, you must back up the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\OLAP Server registry key prior to installing SP3a. For more information, see Section 3.2 Back Up Your Analysis Services Databases and Repository.

Note If you did not backup this registry key, you must follow the process documented in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 330244.

To revert to the pre-SP3a version of SQL Server
  1. Uninstall SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services. In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs, click SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services, and click Remove.
  2. Reinstall SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services from the CD-ROM or the location from which you originally installed Analysis Services.
  3. Apply any service packs and QFE fixes that were installed prior to installing SP3a.
  4. Remove the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\OLAP Server registry key.
  5. Reinstall the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\OLAP Server registry key from the pre-SP3a backup.

3.14 Reapplying SP3a

The following information applies to all components.

In the following cases, you must reapply SP3a:
  • If new SQL Server 2000 components are added after SP3a is applied.
  • If databases or filegroups that are part of a replication topology and were read-only during the initial application of SP3a are made writable
To reapply SP3a, follow the steps in Section 3.0 Service Pack Installation.

4.0 Additional Installation Considerations

This section documents additional service pack installation considerations that apply only in special cases.

4.1 Unattended Installations

Database Components SP3a can be applied in unattended mode to an instance of SQL Server. The Database Components SP3a CD-ROM contains .iss files that can be used to perform unattended SP3a setups and other types of installations. The following files are located in the root directory on the CD-ROM:
  • Sql2kdef.iss is the unattended setup file used to apply Database Components SP3a to a default instance of SQL Server 2000 running on Windows 2000 or Windows NT 4.0. The corresponding batch file to use is Sql2kdef.bat.
  • Sql2knm.iss is the setup file used to apply Database Components SP3a to a named instance of SQL Server 2000 running on Windows 2000 or Windows NT 4.0. You must change the instance name in this .iss file to identify the instance that is being upgraded.
  • Sql2ktls.iss is the setup file used to apply Database Components SP3a to a tools-only installation. This file can be used for installation without any modifications.
  • Sql2k9x.iss is the setup file used to apply Database Components SP3a on a computer running Windows Millennium Edition or Windows 98. You must change the instance name in this .iss file to identify the instance being upgraded.
  • Sql2kcli.iss is the setup file used to apply Database Components SP3a to a client component installation on a computer running Windows 95.
  • Msolap.iss is the setup file that stores the list of parameters for running an unattended setup of Analysis Services SP3a.
For more information about performing unattended installations of SQL Server 2000, see the topic "Performing an Unattended Installation" in SQL Server Books Online.

Unattended Installation Considerations

The following considerations relate to unattended installations:
  • Run unattended installations using Windows Authentication whenever possible.
  • If you must run an unattended setup using SQL Server Authentication; for example if you are running an unattended setup of SP3a on a computer running Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition, you should not include a password for the sa login in the .iss file or batch file because these files are not encrypted. Instead, you should supply the password for the sa login in the command line using the sapwd parameter as follows:

    start /wait setupsql.exe -s -sms -f1 C:\sql2knm.iss -sapwd password
  • If the SQL Server instance being upgraded to SP3a has a blank password for the sa login account, a password must be provided prior to running an unattended installation. You should change this password by running sp_password.
  • When running an unattended installation of SP3a, you must manually set the following setup switches that correspond to the Backward Compatibility Checklist dialog box or the unattended installation will fail.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Unattended setup switchDescription
UpgradeMSSearchThis switch is required to address the required rebuild of full-text catalogs. If Full Text Search is enabled, you must set this switch to 1. For more information, see Section 5.1.5 Full-Text Catalogs are Rebuilt After Setup Completes.
MSXTSXUpgradedThis switch is required to address the issue regarding upgrading master/target server configurations. If you are applying SP3a to a master or target server, you must set this switch to 1. For more information, see Section 5.4.2 Changes to Master/Target Server Configurations.
EnableCrossDBChaining(Optional) This switch is used to enable cross-database ownership chaining. To enable cross-database ownership chaining, set this switch to 1. For more information, see Section 5.1.11 Cross-Database Ownership Chaining.
  • During an unattended installation, if Setup detects any non-writable databases or filegroups, that information is written to the Setup log and the unattended installation continues. If any of the non-writable databases listed in the Setup log are members of a replication topology, you must make those databases writable and reapply SP3a Setup to that instance of SQL Server 2000. For more information about making a database writable, see Section 3.12 Applying SP3a to Read-Only Databases or Filegroups. For more information about reapplying SP3a, see Section 3.14 Reapplying SP3a.

4.2 Redistributing SP3a Data Access Components

Database Components SP3a includes the self-extracting file Sqlredis.exe. When Sqlredis.exe runs, it:
  • Executes the file Mdac_typ.exe from Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) 2.7 Service Pack 1a. This installs the MDAC 2.7 SP1a core components (if the same or newer version is not detected) and the versions of the SQL Server and Desktop Engine client connectivity components that are included with SP3a. For more information, see 5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components.
  • Installs Microsoft Jet ODBC drivers and connectivity components.
You can redistribute the Sqlredis.exe file under the terms and conditions noted in the Redist.txt file that accompanies SP3a.

5.0 Documentation Notes

This section covers issues that can occur in addition to new features that are available when you run SP3a. These issues apply when running the service pack to upgrade from SQL Server 2000, SQL Server 2000 SP1, or SQL Server 2000 SP2. This section is not meant to be a description of all of the fixes provided in SP3a. For a complete list of these fixes, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 306908.

The Analysis Services and Meta Data Services segments in this section do not apply to Desktop-Engine-only installations.
Any information relevant to SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3a that was not available in time to be included in this readme file will be published in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 816502.

These Microsoft Knowledge Base articles are available at the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.

5.1 Database and Desktop Engine Enhancements

The following enhancements apply to SQL Server 2000 instances on which Database Components SP3a is installed. They also apply to MSDE 2000 instances on which Desktop Engine SP3a is installed.
5.1.1 Using Chinese, Japanese, or Korean Characters with Database Components SP3a
Introduced in SP1

If you install Database Components SP3a on a server running Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 98 and later upgrade to Windows 2000, the Windows 2000 upgrade replaces certain system files. These system files are necessary for sorting Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters. If you use Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters in your SQL Server databases, rerun the version of Sqlredis.exe included with SP3a after you upgrade to Windows 2000. For more information about running Sqlredis.exe, see Section 4.2 Redistributing SP3a Data Access Components.

Note You do not have to reapply Sqlredis.exe on client computers or on servers that do not have databases containing Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters.
5.1.2 Hash Teams Removed
Introduced in SP1

Hash teams have been removed. Because of certain enhancements to SQL Server 2000, hash teams no longer produce the performance benefits they offered in SQL Server 7.0. In addition, removing hash teams makes SQL Server 2000 more stable.

Therefore, the query optimizer no longer generates query plans using hash teams.

In rare cases, the removal of hash teams can cause a query to be processed more slowly. Analyze such queries to see whether creating more suitable indexes will return query performance to its previous level.
5.1.3 Affinity Mask Switches Added
Introduced in SP1

Two affinity mask switches have been added to this service pack.

Affinity Mask I/O Switch

With this service pack, you can specify which CPUs are used to run threads for disk I/O operations. This switch must be used in conjunction with the affinity mask option. For more information, see article 298402 in the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base. For instructions on searching the Knowledge Base, see Section 1.5 Additional Information About SP3a.

Affinity Mask Connection Switch
With this service pack, you can configure systems that are enabled for Virtual Interface Architecture (VIA) to bind the SQL Server connections from certain network cards to a processor or a set of processors. This switch must be used in conjunction with the affinity mask option. For more information, see article 299641 in the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.
5.1.4 Filtered Indexed View
Introduced in SP2

If you have encountered SQL Server 2000 bug 355069 as documented in Microsoft Knowledge Base Article 306467, this service pack will only prevent future occurrences of unexpected results because of data modifications. In addition to applying this fix, all indexes that are based on views with filter conditions must be re-created. For more information, see the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.
5.1.5 Full-Text Catalogs Are Rebuilt After Setup Completes
Introduced in SP3

All full-text catalogs are rebuilt as part of the installation of SP3a, except when upgrading from SP3. The rebuild is automatic and resource-intensive. Queries against full-text catalogs may return partial results or no results until the rebuild process is complete. After SP3a is installed, the system event logs contain messages stating that the catalogs were corrupt, of an older version, and had to be rebuilt.

For information , see the Knowledge Base article 327217, which also discusses possible workarounds for keeping full-text search available during the rebuild process and to avoid an automatic rebuild.
5.1.6 Syntax Changes for sp_change_users_login
Introduced in SP3

When you run sp_change_users_login with the @Action=Auto_Fix argument, you must now specify a password. sp_change_users_login assigns the password to any new login it creates for the user. The following example shows the new @Password argument.
sp_change_users_login [ @Action = ] 'action' 
    [ , [ @UserNamePattern = ] 'user' ] 
    [ , [ @LoginName = ] 'login' ]
    [ , [ @Password = ] 'password' ]
Use the @Password argument only with @Action=Auto_Fix. The following example shows the new syntax for the sp_change_users_login command when using Auto_Fix. Other examples in SQL Server Books Online remain unchanged.

USE pubs
go
EXEC sp_change_users_login 'Auto_Fix', 'Mary', NULL, 'B3r12-36'
go
5.1.7 Ad Hoc Access to OLE DB Providers Disabled by Default
Introduced in SP3

If the DisallowAdhocAccess registry option is not explicitly set, by default, ad hoc access to OLE DB providers is not allowed. This means ad hoc query syntax, such as OPENDATASOURCE and OPENROWSET, will not work against remote servers. To allow ad hoc access, you must explicitly set the DisallowAdhocAccess option to 0.
5.1.8 New SqlServerLike Provider Option
Introduced in SP3

To enable more efficient processing of remote queries that include LIKE predicates, the SqlServerLike option was added in SP3. SQL Server 2000 SP3 or later now has two options for sending LIKE operations to linked servers. If the OLE DB provider for a linked server supports the SQL Server syntax for the LIKE operator and wildcards, you can specify the SqlServerLIKE option to have SQL Server send LIKE operations using SQL Server syntax. If the OLE DB provider for a linked server reports that it supports the Entry Level ANSI/ISO SQL-92 syntax or returns the SQLPROP_ANSILIKE property, SQL Server will send LIKE operations to the linked server using SQL-92 syntax. For more information on SQLPROP_ANSILIKE, see the topic "Programming the SQLPROPSET_OPTHINTS Property Set" in SQL Server 2000 Books Online.

You must add a registry key value to enable the SqlServerLIKE option for an OLE DB provider.
Caution Incorrectly editing the registry can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from editing the registry incorrectly can be resolved. Before editing the registry, back up any valuable data.
  1. Open Regedit32.
  2. Locate the proper registry key:
    • For named instances, locate this key:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\<Instance Name>\Providers\<Provider Name>
    • For default instances, locate this key:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\MSSQLServer\Providers\<Provider Name>

  3. In the <Provider Name> key, add a DWORD value named SqlServerLIKE and set its value to 1.
5.1.9 Expanded Error Messages for Distributed Queries
Introduced in SP3

For distributed queries, SQL Server returns provider error information in addition to server error information. When a query between linked servers results in an error, SQL Server checks to see if the provider supports the IErrorRecords OLE DB interface. If this interface is supported, SQL Server calls the GetErrorInfo function to get additional error information from the provider and returns this information to the user as part of the error message. If the IErrorRecords interface is not supported, there is no change in SQL Server behavior: SQL Server returns a generic error.
For example, run the following query against a server that uses MSDASQL, which does not support sql_variant:
SELECT * FROM remote2k.dqtable.dbo.sqlvariantnotnull 
--Remote2k is a loopback server.
Prior to SP3, SQL Server returned the following error message:

Server: Msg 7356, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
OLE DB provider 'msdasql' supplied inconsistent metadata for a column. 
Metadata information was changed at execution time.
After you apply SP3 or later, SQL Server returns the following error message:

Server: Msg 7356, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
OLE DB provider 'msdasql' supplied inconsistent metadata for a column. 
Metadata information was changed at execution time.
OLE DB error trace [Non-interface error:  Column 'sql_variant' (compile-time
ordinal 3) of object '"dqtable"."dbo"."sqlvariantnotnull"' was reported 
to have a DBCOLUMNFLAGS_ISFIXEDLENGTH of 16 at compile time and 0 at run time].
5.1.10 New Function fn_get_sql Returns SQL Statement
Introduced in SP3

SP3 and later includes the new function fn_get_sql that returns the text of the SQL statement for the specified SQL handle. In addition, to support this function, three new columns have been added to the sysprocesses system table, which are listed in the following table.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Column nameData typeDescription
sql_handlebinary(20)Represents the currently executing batch or object
stmt_startintStarting offset of the current SQL statement for the specified sql_handle
stmt_endintEnding offset of the current SQL statement for the specified sql_handle. A value of -1 indicates that the current statement runs to the end of the results returned by the fn_get_sql function for the specified sql_handle.
Syntax
fn_get_sql ([ @SqlHandle = ] SqlHandle )

Arguments
[ @SqlHandle = ] SqlHandle

The handle value. SqlHandle is binary(20).

Tables Returned
Collapse this tableExpand this table
Column nameData typeDescription
dbidsmallintDatabase ID. This value is NULL for ad hoc SQL statements
objectidIntID of the database object. This value is NULL for ad hoc SQL statements
numbersmallintThe number of the group, if the procedures are grouped. This value is 0 for entries that are not procedures and NULL for ad hoc SQL statements.
encryptedBitIndicates whether the object is encrypted. The value is 0 if the object is not encrypted and 1 if the object is encrypted.
textTextText of the SQL statement. This value is NULL for encrypted objects.
Remarks

You can get a valid SQL handle from the sql_handle column of the sysprocesses system table.

If you pass a handle that no longer exists in cache, fn_get_sql returns an empty result set. If you pass a handle that is not valid, the batch stops, and the following error message is returned:

Server: Msg 569, Level 16, State 1, Procedure fn_get_sql, Line 12 The handle passed to fn_get_sql was invalid.

SQL Server 2000 cannot cache some Transact-SQL statements, such as bulk copy statements and statements with string literals larger than 8 KB. You cannot retrieve handles to those statements by using the fn_get_sql function.
The text column of the result set is filtered for text that may contain passwords.

The information returned by the fn_get_sql function is similar to the DBCC INPUTBUFFER command. Use the fn_get_sql function when the DBCC INPUTBUFFER cannot be used, for example:
  • When events have more than 255 characters. W
  • hen you have to return the highest current nesting level of a stored procedure. For example, there are two stored procedures that are named sp_1 and sp_2. If sp_1 calls sp_2 and you get the handle from the sysprocesses system table while sp_2 is running, the fn_get_sql function returns information about sp_2. Additionally, the fn_get_sql function returns the complete text of the stored procedure at the highest current nesting level
Permissions

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can run the fn_get_sql function.

Examples

Database administrators can use the fn_get_sql function to help diagnose problem processes. After an administrator identifies a problem server process ID (SPID), the administrator can retrieve the SQL handle for that SPID, call the fn_get_sql function with the handle, and use the start and end offsets to determine the SQL text of the problem SPID. For example:
DECLARE @Handle binary(20)
SELECT @Handle = sql_handle FROM sysprocesses WHERE spid = 52
SELECT * FROM ::fn_get_sql(@Handle)
5.1.11 Cross-Database Ownership Chaining
Introduced in SP3

This service pack provides new options for turning cross-database ownership chaining on and off.

When installing Database Components SP3a, the Setup Backward Compatibility Checklist dialog displays an option for configuring cross-database ownership chaining. By default, Setup turns off cross-database ownership chaining for all user databases. You can enable cross-database ownership chaining for all databases. For more information, see Backward Compatibility Checklist dialog box.

When installing Desktop Engine SP3a, you can use the ALLOWXDBCHAINING setup parameter to enable cross-database ownership chaining for all databases. For more information, see section 3.7.3 MSDE 2000 Setup Parameters.

Note Enabling cross-database ownership chaining for all databases is not recommended.

After installation, you can use the following methods to turn cross-database ownership chaining on and off for all databases in the instance:
  • Use the new Cross DB OwnershipChaining argument of the sp_configure system stored procedure.
  • Use the Allow Cross-Database Ownership Chaining option on the Security tab of the SQL Server Properties dialog box in Enterprise Manager.
  • Use the SQLServer.Configuration.ConfigValues Database Management Objects (DMO) collection. When the SQLServer object references an instance of SQL Server 2000 SP3 or later, this collection contains a ConfigValue object named Cross DB Ownership Chaining.
If cross-database ownership chaining is turned off for the instance, you can configure it for individual databases. Use the following methods to turn cross-database ownership chaining on and off for a database:
  • Use the new db chaining option of the sp_dboption system stored procedure.
  • Use the AllowCross-Database Ownership Chaining option on the Options tab of the Database Properties dialog box in Enterprise Manager.
  • Use the DBChaining property of the DBOption2 DMO object.
Note If you previously enabled cross-database ownership chaining on a pre-release version of SP3 (earlier than build 8.00.[BUILD_NUMBER]), you must enable it again after installing SP3a.

For more information, click the Help button on the Backwards Compatibility Checklist page when you run Setup, download the updated edition of SQL Server 2000 Books Online, or see Knowledge Base article 810474.
5.1.12 Enhancement for Trace Flag 1204
Introduced in SP3

Trace flag 1204 returns the type of locks participating in the deadlock and the current command affected. In SP3 and later, when this trace flag is on, the deadlock information is automatically written to the error log
5.1.13 Permissions Change for sp_changedbowner
Introduced in SP3

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can run the sp_changedbowner system stored procedure.
5.1.14 Debugging Functionality Changes
Introduced in SP3

The functionality for debugging stored procedures with Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0 and older or with SQL Server Query Analyzer prior to SP3 is turned off by default. Application debugging (stopping at a SQL Server Transact-SQL breakpoint while debugging a client application) is also turned off by default. To enable debugging functionality, run sp_sdidebug, passing the parameter legacy_on. To disable debugging, pass legacy_off to this procedure.

Note Running the sp_sdidebug stored procedure on production servers is not recommended.

For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 328151. This article is available at the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.
5.1.15 Operations On UDP Port 1434
Introduced in SP3a

Starting with SQL Server 2000 SP3a, instances of the SQL Server 2000 database engine and MSDE 2000 that are not configured to support network communications will stop using User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port 1434. Instances that are configured to support network communications will use UDP 1434

An instance upgraded to SP3a will stop using UDP 1434 whenever all of the server Net-Libraries for the instance, except the shared memory Net-Library, are disabled. The instance will start using port 1434 whenever you enable any of the server Net-Libraries. For information on disabling or enabling server Net-Libraries, see the topic "SQL Server Network Utility" in SQL Server 2000 Books Online.

The use of UDP port 1434 by a computer will not stop until all instances of SQL Server 2000 and MSDE 2000 on the computer have been upgraded to SP3a and configured to not support network communications.

Whether UDP port 1434 is open or closed does not depend on the state of the shared memory Net-Library. The shared memory Net-Library is used only for local connections, and does not use a network. The shared memory Net-Library is always active; it cannot be enabled or disabled.

You can also specify whether the server Net-Libraries are disabled when installing or upgrading an instance of MSDE 2000. Use either the MSDE 2000 Setup utility DISABLENETWORKPROTOCOLS parameter, or the MSDE 2000 merge module SqlDisableNetworkProtocols property. For more information on these options, see 3.7.3 MSDE 2000 Setup Parameters.

You cannot disable all of the server Net-Libraries when installing or upgrading instances of the SQL Server 2000 database engine.

5.2 Analysis Services Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services that are included with SP3a.
5.2.1 Remote Partitions
Introduced in SP1

When a remote partition is created on a local server that has SP1 or a later version installed on it, the remote server must use a domain user account that has full access permissions to the parent cube on the local server. Any user account that is a member of the OLAP Administrators group on the local server has full access permissions.
In addition, if the local server has SP1 or a later version installed on it, the remote server also must have SP1 or a later version installed on it so that the local server can create or administer remote partitions.
5.2.2 Updated Analysis Services Redistributable Client Setup
Introduced in SP1

Analysis Services SP1 and later versions include updated versions of the following client redistributable setup programs:
  • PTSLite.exe
  • PTSFull.exe
These files are located in the \Msolap\Install\PTS path of the service pack installation directory.

Note PTSFull.exe includes MDAC; PTSLite.exe does not.

Use these updated client setup programs in your applications to prevent or solve client setup issues that you may encounter when using Analysis Services and Microsoft Office XP.

Note When using Analysis Services with Office XP, upgrading the client is highly recommended.
5.2.3 Support Enabled for Third-Party Data Mining Algorithm Providers
Introduced in SP1

Analysis Services SP1 and later versions include support for the addition of third-party data mining algorithm providers. For more information about developing a data mining algorithm provider, see the "Third Party Data Mining Providers" white paper and the OLE DB for Data Mining Resource Kit, which includes the code for a sample data mining algorithm provider.
5.2.4 Installing Analysis Services on a Computer with Updated Client Files
Introduced in SP1

If you install SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services on a computer that contains updated client files, such as SQL Server 2000 SP1 or Office XP, you must apply Analysis Services SP1 or a later version to ensure that the client works properly and that you can browse through cubes.
5.2.4 Installing Analysis Services on a Computer with Updated Client Files
Introduced in SP1

If you install SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services on a computer that contains updated client files, such as SQL Server 2000 SP1 or Office XP, you must apply Analysis Services SP1 or a later version to ensure that the client works properly and that you can browse through cubes.
5.2.5 Increased Limit for OLAP Cubes Referenced by a Virtual Cube
Introduced in SP3

Virtual cubes can now reference up to 255 cubes. However, any virtual cube that references more than 64 cubes is not visible to any version of Microsoft PivotTable® Service released before SP3.
5.2.6 New DESCRIPTION Keyword
Introduced in SP3

Local cubes now support the intrinsic member property DESCRIPTION for measures and dimensions. The DESCRIPTION keyword, added to the CREATE CUBE Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) statement, is used to support the use of the DESCRIPTION intrinsic member property. The following BNF clauses describe the changes made to the CREATE CUBE statement:
<dimensions def> :: = DIMENSION <dimension name> [<time def>] 
  [DIMENSION_STRUCTURE <sub_type>] [<hidden def>] 
  [DESCRIPTION <description expression>] 
  <options def> <comma> <hierarchy def list> 
<measures def> :: = MEASURE <measure name> <measure function def> 
  [<measure format def>] [<measure type def>] [<hidden def>] 
  [DESCRIPTION <description expression>] [<comma> <measures def>]
5.2.7 New PivotTable Service Restricted Client Property
Introduced in SP3

SP3 introduced a new PivotTable Service connection string property, Restricted Client. This property can be used to restrict PivotTable Service from using local cube functionality. Any attempt to use a statement that involves the creation or use of a local cube, such as the CREATE CUBE, CREATE GLOBAL CUBE, and CREATE SESSION CUBE statements, raises an error. Additionally, any statement that involves deep recursion, such as a series of nested DRILLDOWN statements, raises an error if the statement can potentially overflow the statement stack maintained by PivotTable Service.

This property stores a string value. If the value is set to any string value starting with the characters "Y", "y", "T", or "t", or any string value that can be converted to a numeric value other than 0, PivotTable Service is restricted as described earlier. If the value is set to any other string value, including an empty string (""), or any string value that can be converted to a numeric value equal to 0, PivotTable Service is unrestricted. The default value for this property is "0".

Note This property does not restrict the use of local data mining models.
5.2.8 Change in the Safety Options Property
Introduced in SP3

Setting the Safety Options property to DBPROP_MSMD_SAFETY_OPTIONS_ALLOW_SAFE also prevents usage of the PASSTHROUGH keyword in local cubes.
5.2.9 Migrate Repository to Meta Data Services Disabled by Default
Introduced in SP3

The option to use the Meta Data Services repository format in the Migrate Repository Wizard has been disabled in SP3 or later, and using this format is not recommended. However, if this format is required for business reasons, you can enable the option through the EnableMigrationToMetaDataServicesFormat registry key.

By default, this registry key does not exist; it must be manually created at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\OLAP Server\Server Connection Info and set to enable repository migration to the Meta Data Services format. This registry key stores a case-sensitive string value. If the value is set to 1 or True, repository migration to the Meta Data Services format is enabled. If the value is set to any other string value, or if the registry key does not exist, repository migration to the Meta Data Services format is disabled.
Note If the value of this registry key is changed, the change takes effect immediately.
5.2.10 Permissions Must be Modified on a Remote Data Folder
Introduced in SP3

If the Analysis Services Data folder is located on a computer other than the one on which the Analysis server is running, you must modify the permissions on the folder after running SP3a Setup. On the remote computer, set the permissions on the folder to allow full control access by all members of the OLAP Administrators group on the computer running the Analysis server. Over time, as members are added to or removed from the OLAP Administrators group, be sure to modify the permissions on the remote Data folder to so that it reflects the current membership of the OLAP Administrators group. This will allow backup and restore to function properly.

Additionally, after running SP3a Setup, you must allow the account under which the Analysis server is running full control access to the remote Data folder.

If you apply SP3a to an instance of Analysis Services running in a clustered configuration, the domain-level OLAP Administrators group must be allowed full control access to the remote Data folder. For more information about creating and using a domain-level OLAP Administrators group, see support article 308023 available at the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.

5.3 Replication Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to SQL Server 2000 replication that are included with SP3a.
5.3.1 Transactional Replication UPDATE Custom Stored Procedure
Introduced in SP1

During transactional replication setup, custom stored procedures for insert, delete, and update actions are created in the subscription database. Regardless of how many columns are affected by an UPDATE statement, the update custom stored procedure updates all of the columns in the subscription table. Any column that has not changed is reset to the same values that existed before the update. Typically, this action causes no problems. However, if any of these columns are indexed, this resetting can become expensive.

If you use transactional replication and have several indexes on the subscription table, and only a few column values change because of updates, the overhead of maintaining the index can limit performance when changes are applied at the Subscriber. For example, a subscription database that is used for reporting purposes may have many more indexes than the publication database. Dynamically building the UPDATE statement at run time can improve performance. The update includes only the columns that have changed, creating an optimal UPDATE string.

This service pack includes a new stored procedure, sp_scriptdynamicupdproc, which generates a custom stored procedure that you can use at the Subscriber to dynamically build the UPDATE statement at run time. However, building the dynamic UPDATE statement at run time requires extra processing.

sp_scriptdynamicupdproc

The stored procedure sp_scriptdynamicupdproc generates the CREATE PROCEDURE statement that creates a dynamic update stored procedure. The UPDATE statement within the custom stored procedure is built dynamically, based on the MCALL syntax that indicates which columns to change. Use this stored procedure if the number of indexes on the subscribing table is growing and the number of columns being changed is small. This stored procedure is run at the Publisher on the publication database.
Syntax
sp_scriptdynamicupdproc [ @artid =] artid

Arguments
[@artid =] artid

The article ID. artid is an int, with no default.

Result Sets

Returns a result set that consists of a single nvarchar(4000) column. The result set forms the complete CREATE PROCEDURE statement that is used to create the custom stored procedure.

Remarks

sp_scriptdynamicupdproc is used in transactional replication. The default MCALL scripting logic includes all columns within the UPDATE statement and uses a bitmap to determine the columns that have changed. If a column did not change, the column is set back to itself, which usually causes no problems. If the column is indexed, extra processing occurs. By contrast, this stored procedure uses a dynamic approach: it includes only the columns that have changed, which provides an optimal UPDATE string. However, extra processing is incurred at run time when the dynamic UPDATE statement is built. It is recommended that you test both the dynamic stored procedure approach and the static default approach, and then choose the optimal solution for your particular needs.

Permissions

Members of the public role can execute sp_scriptdynamicupdproc

Examples

This example creates an article (with artid set to 1) on the authors table in the pubs database, and specifies that the UPDATE statement is the custom stored procedure to execute:

'MCALL sp_mupd_authors'

Generate the custom stored procedures to be executed by the Distribution Agent at the Subscriber by running the following stored procedure at the Publisher:
EXEC sp_scriptdynamicupdproc @artid = '1'
The statement returns:

create procedure [sp_mupd_authors] 
  @c1 varchar(11),@c2 varchar(40),@c3 varchar(20),@c4 char(12),
  @c5 varchar(40),@c6 varchar(20),@c7 char(2),@c8 char(5),
  @c9 bit,@pkc1 varchar(11),@bitmap binary(2)
as

declare @stmt nvarchar(4000), @spacer nvarchar(1)
select @spacer =N''
select @stmt = N'update [authors] set '

if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 2 = 2
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[au_lname]' + N'=@2'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 4 = 4
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[au_fname]' + N'=@3'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 8 = 8
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[phone]' + N'=@4'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 16 = 16
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[address]' + N'=@5'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 32 = 32
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[city]' + N'=@6'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 64 = 64
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[state]' + N'=@7'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,1,1) & 128 = 128
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[zip]' + N'=@8'
  select @spacer = N','
end
if substring(@bitmap,2,1) & 1 = 1
begin
  select @stmt = @stmt + @spacer + N'[contract]' + N'=@9'
  select @spacer = N','
end
select @stmt = @stmt + N' where [au_id] = @1'
exec sp_executesql @stmt, N' @1 varchar(11),@2 varchar(40),@3 varchar(20),
  @4 char(12),@5 varchar(40),@6 varchar(20),@7 char(2),@8 char(5),@9 bit',
  @pkc1,@c2,@c3,@c4,@c5,@c6,@c7,@c8,@c9

if @@rowcount = 0
   if @@microsoftversion>0x07320000
      exec sp_MSreplraiserror 20598

After running this stored procedure, you can use the resulting script to manually create the stored procedure at the Subscribers.


5.3.2 Transactional Replication UPDATE Statements on Unique Columns
Introduced in SP1

In transactional replication, UPDATE statements usually are replicated as updates. But if the update changes any column that is part of a unique index, a clustered index, or an expression that is used as a unique constraint, the update is performed as a DELETE statement followed by an INSERT statement at the Subscriber. This is done because this type of update can affect multiple rows and a uniqueness violation can occur if updates are delivered row by row.

If the update affects only one row, there is no chance for a uniqueness violation. Therefore, trace flag 8207 has been added to this service pack to allow updates to any unique column that affect only one row to be replicated as UPDATE statements. This optimization has been added specifically for applications that install user-defined UPDATE triggers at the Subscriber and require these triggers to fire for updates that affect only one row on a unique column.
To use trace flag 8207, turn it on from the command prompt (sqlservr.exe -T8207) or at run time using DBCC TRACEON(8207, -1) before the Log Reader Agent is started.

Important Typically, trace flag 8207 is used with read-only transactional replication. Do not use this trace flag with updatable subscriptions if the primary key UPDATE can occur at the Subscriber.
5.3.3 Restrictions Removed from Concurrent Snapshot Processing
Introduced in SP1

In SQL Server 2000, concurrent snapshot processing was not recommended if the publishing table had a unique index that was not the primary key or the clustering key. If data modifications were made to the clustering key while a concurrent snapshot was being generated, replication could fail with a duplicate key error when applying the concurrent snapshot to a Subscriber. With this service pack, restrictions on using concurrent snapshot processing are removed.
5.3.4 Transactional Replication Scripting Custom Stored Procedures
Introduced in SP1

When setting up nosync subscriptions (that is, subscriptions that do not receive the initial snapshot), the custom stored procedures for INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements must be created manually. Typically, these statements are created at the Subscriber when the initial snapshot is delivered. A new stored procedure, sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs, has been added to generate scripts for the custom stored procedures at the publication level. This new functionality may make it easier to set up nosync subscriptions.

sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs

In a publication in which the option to auto-generate a custom procedure schema is enabled, the stored procedure
sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs scripts the custom INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE procedures for all table articles.
sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs is particularly useful for setting up subscriptions for which the snapshot is applied manually.
Syntax
sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs [@publication]= publication_name

Arguments
[@publication] = publication_name

The name of the publication. publication_name is a sysname with no default.

Return Code Values
0 (success) or 1 (failure
Result Sets

Returns a result set that consists of a single nvarchar(4000) column. The result set forms the complete CREATE PROCEDURE statement that is necessary to create the custom stored procedure.

Remarks

Custom procedures are not scripted for articles without the auto-generate custom procedure (0x2) schema option.

Permissions

Execute permission is granted to public; a procedural security check is performed inside this stored procedure to restrict access to members of the sysadmin fixed server role and db_owner fixed database role in current database.

Example

This example generates a script of the custom stored procedures in a publication named Northwind..
exec Northwind.dbo.sp_scriptpublicationcustomprocs 
@publication = N'Northwind'

5.3.5 Merge Replication Retention-Based Meta Data Clean Up
Introduced in SP1

When merge replication system tables contain large amounts of meta data, cleaning up the meta data improves performance. Prior to SQL Server 2000 SP1, meta data could be cleaned up only by running sp_mergecleanupmetadata. However, SQL Server 2000 SP1 and later versions include retention-based meta data clean up, which means that meta data can be automatically deleted from the following system tables:
  • MSmerge_contents
  • MSmerge_tombstone
  • MSmerge_genhistory
  • Any before image tables, if present
Note Before image tables are present if the @keep_partition_changes synchronization optimization option is enabled on the publication.

Retention-based meta data clean up occurs as follows:
  • If the –MetadataRetentionCleanup Merge Agent parameter is set to 1, as it is by default, the Merge Agent cleans up the Subscriber and the Publisher that are involved in the merge.
  • If the -MetadataRetentionCleanup parameter is set to 0, automatic clean up does not occur. In this case, manually initiate retention-based meta data clean up by executing sp_mergemetadataretentioncleanup. This stored procedure must be executed at every Publisher and Subscriber that should be cleaned up. It is recommended, but not required, that the Publisher and Subscribers be cleaned up at similar points in time (see Preventing False Conflicts later in this section).

    Note The -MetadataRetentionCleanup parameter is set to 1 for all Merge Agent profiles that are included with SQL Server 2000 SP1 and later versions. If you upgrade a server to SP1 or later and then add merge replication, the Merge Agent profile is automatically updated to include this parameter. If you upgrade a server that already has merge replication enabled to SP1 or later, the Merge Agent profile is not automatically updated; update the profile by running sp_add_agent_parameter (see Additional Parameter for sp_add_agent_parameter later in this section).

    Important The default retention period for publications is 14 days. If an article belongs to several publications, there might be different retention periods. In that situation, the longest retention period is used to determine the earliest possible time that clean up can occur. If there are multiple publications on a database, and if any one of those publications uses an infinite publication retention period (@retention=0), merge meta data for the database is not automatically cleaned up. For this reason, use infinite publication retention with caution
Additional Parameter for sp_add_agent_parameter

The system stored procedure sp_add_agent_parameter now has a MetadataRetentionCleanup parameter, which allows you to add or remove meta data retention clean up from Merge Agent profiles. A value of 1 indicates that the profile should include clean up; a value of 0 indicates that it should not include clean up. For example, to add meta data retention clean up to a profile, execute the following code:
EXEC sp_add_agent_parameter @profile_id=<my_profile_id>,
  @parameter_name='MetadataRetentionCleanup', @parameter_value=1
Meta Data Cleanup in Topologies with Different Versions of SQL Server

For automatic retention-based clean up to occur in a database involved in merge replication, the database and the Merge Agent must both be on servers running SQL Server 2000 SP1 or later. For example:
  • A SQL Server 7.0 pull Subscriber does not run clean up at a SQL Server 2000 SP1 Publisher.
  • A SQL Server 2000 SP1 push Merge Agent does not run clean up in a pre-SP1 SQL Server 2000 Subscriber database.
  • A SQL Server 2000 SP1 push Merge Agent runs clean up in a SQL Server 2000 SP1 Publisher database, even if it has subscribers that are running SQL Server 2000 or earlier.
Automatic clean up on some servers and not on others will at most cause false conflicts, and those should be rare. For topologies that include versions of SQL Server prior to SQL Server 2000 SP1, you may see performance benefits by running sp_mergemetadatacleanup on all servers that are not cleaned up automatically.

Preventing False Conflicts

Retention-based meta data clean up prevents non-convergence and silent overwrites of changes at other nodes. However, false conflicts can occur if the following conditions are met:
  • The meta data is cleaned up at one node and not another.
  • A subsequent update at the cleaned-up node occurs on a row whose meta data was deleted.
For example, if meta data is cleaned up at the Publisher but not at the Subscriber, and an update is made at the Publisher, a conflict occurs even though the data appears to be synchronized.

To prevent this conflict, make sure that meta data is cleaned up at related nodes at about the same time. If -MetadataRetentionCleanup is set to 1, both the Publisher and Subscriber are cleaned up automatically before the merge starts, thereby ensuring that the nodes are cleaned up at the same time. If a conflict occurs, use the merge replication conflict viewer to review the conflict and change the outcome if necessary.

If an article belongs to several publications or is in a republishing scenario, it is possible that the retention periods for a given row at the Publisher and Subscriber are different. To reduce the chance of cleaning up meta data on one side but not the other, it is recommended that those different publications have similar retention periods.

Note If the system tables contain large amounts of meta data that must be cleaned up, the merge process may take longer to run. Clean up the meta data on a regular basis to prevent this issue.
5.3.6 Backup and Restore Issues for Merge Replication
Introduced in SP1

A publication database that is restored from a backup should first synchronize with a subscription database that has a global subscription (that is, a subscription having an assigned priority value) to guarantee correct convergence behavior. Synchronization ensures that the changes that were lost at the publication database because of the restore operation are reapplied accurately.

Do not synchronize the publication database with a subscription database that has an anonymous subscription. Because anonymous subscriptions do not have enough meta data to apply changes to the publication database, such synchronization can lead to the non-convergence of data.

When you are planning back up and restore operations for merge replication, consider the following additional issues:
  • Restore the subscription databases from backups that are not beyond the retention period.

    Restore a subscription database from a backup only if the backup is no older than the shortest retention period of all publications to which the Subscriber subscribes. For example, if a Subscriber subscribes to three publications with retention periods of 10, 20, and 30 days, respectively, the backup used to restore the database should not be more than 10 days old.
  • Synchronize before generating a backup.

    It is strongly recommended that a Subscriber synchronize with the Publisher before you perform a backup. Otherwise, the system might not converge correctly if the Subscriber is restored from this backup. Although the backup file itself might be new, the last synchronization with a Publisher could be almost as old as the retention period. For example, consider a publication with a retention period of 10 days. The last synchronization was 8 days ago, and now the backup is performed. If the backup is applied 4 days later, the last synchronization will have occurred 12 days ago, which is past the retention period. If the Subscriber had synchronized right before the backup, the subscription database would be within the retention period.
  • Reinitialize the Subscriber if you change the publication retention value.

    If you need to change the publication retention value, manually reinitialize the Subscriber to avoid the non-convergence of data. The retention-based meta data clean up feature deletes outdated meta data from merge system tables when the publication retention period is reached.

    The publication retention value is used to determine when subscriptions that have not synchronized within the retention period should expire. If, after a clean up, the publication retention period is increased and a subscription attempts to merge with the Publisher (which has already deleted the meta data), the subscription will not expire because of the increased retention value. Furthermore, the Publisher does not have enough meta data to download changes to the Subscriber, which leads to non-convergence.
  • Use the same publication retention values for all Publishers and their alternate synchronization partners. Using different values can lead to non-convergence.
5.3.7 Restoring Replicated Databases from Different Versions of SQL Server
Introduced in SP1

Restoring a backup to the same server and database—running the same version as the server from which the backup was created—preserves your replication settings. If you are restoring a replicated database to a version of SQL Server that is different from the version used to back up the database, consider the following issues:
  • If you are restoring the database to SQL Server 2000 SP3a from a backup created with SQL Server 2000 and you want to preserve replication settings, you must run sp_vupgrade_replication. Running sp_vupgrade_replication ensures that the replication meta data is upgraded. If you do not run sp_vupgrade_replication, the replication meta data can be left in an unpredictable state.
  • If you are restoring the database to SQL Server 2000 from a backup created with SQL Server 7.0 (the release version, SP1, SP2, SP3, and SP4) and you want to preserve replication settings, you must re-create the backup before installing service packs. It is possible to restore the database to SQL Server 2000 SP3a directly from a backup of a replicated database created in SQL Server 7.0, but replication settings are not maintained.
5.3.8 New -MaxCmdsInTran Parameter for Log Reader Agent
Introduced in SP1

Starting with SP1, a new command prompt parameter, -MaxCmdsInTran, has been added for the Log Reader Agent. For transactions affecting a large number of commands (typically mass updates or deletes), the Distribution Agent must wait for the Log Reader Agent to write the entire transaction to the distribution database before it can start propagating the transaction to the Subscriber. This delay blocks the Distribution Agent and reduces the parallelism between the two agents.

By using –MaxCmdsInTran, the Log Reader Agent breaks large transactions into smaller chunks, and each chunk contains the same or fewer commands as the -MaxCmdsInTran input. Therefore, the Distribution Agent can start processing earlier chunks of a transaction while the Log Reader Agent is still working through later chunks of the same transaction.

This improvement in parallelism between the Log Reader Agent and the Distribution Agent contributes to better overall replication throughput. Note, however, that the transaction chunks are committed at the Subscriber as individual transactions, which breaks the property of atomicity, one of the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability) properties. This outcome is not a problem in most circumstances, though it is recommended that you test this to make sure.

Defining the –MaxCmdsInTran Parameter

Specify a positive integer (1 or above) for the -MaxCmdsInTran parameter value. Specifying a value of 0 is equivalent to not using the parameter. Because this parameter improves performance only when the transaction is very large, a value of 5000 or greater for this parameter is typical. For example:

logread.exe -MaxCmdsInTran 10000.

To use this parameter, the Publisher must be running SQL Server 2000 SP1 or a later version, and the Log Reader Agent and distribution database must be upgraded to SP3 or later. Otherwise, -MaxCmdsInTran is ignored.
5.3.9 Restriction on Non-unique Clustered Indexes
Introduced in SP2 (applies to Transactional Replication only)

You cannot create a non-unique clustered index on a table after it is published for transactional replication. Before creating the index you must first drop any publication that includes the table.
5.3.10 New -MaxNetworkOptimization Command Line Argument for Snapshot Agent
Introduced in SP2

During normal processing, merge replication can send DELETE commands to Subscribers for rows that do not belong to the Subscriber's partition. DELETE commands of this type are referred to as irrelevant deletes. Irrelevant deletes do not affect data integrity or convergence, but they can result in unnecessary network traffic.

To reduce network traffic caused by irrelevant deletes, you can use the new Snapshot Agent parameter -MaxNetworkOptimization with merge replication publications. Setting the parameter to 1 minimizes the chances of irrelevant deletes, which maximizes network optimization.

Note Setting this parameter to 1 is useful only when the synchronization optimization option of the merge publication is set to true (the @keep_partition_changes parameter of sp_addmergepublication).

The default is 0 because setting the parameter to 1 can increase the storage of meta data and cause performance to degrade at the Publisher if multiple levels of join filters and complex subset filters are present. You should carefully assess your replication topology and set -MaxNetworkOptimization to 1 only if network traffic from irrelevant deletes is unacceptably high.

You can add this parameter to the Snapshot Agent profile by executing the system procedure sp_add_agent_parameter as follows:

EXEC sp_add_agent_parameter 1, 'MaxNetworkOptimization', 1
5.3.11 Merge Replication Uses New Role
Introduced in SP3

SP3 and later automatically creates a new role for use by merge replication. The name of the new role is in the form MSmerge-<publication ID>. The role is created on the Publisher for each merge replication publication and acts as the publication access list (PAL) to control access to merge publications on the Publisher. If this role is dropped, you can run a new stored procedure included with SP3 or later, sp_createmergepalrole, to re-create the role. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database to re-create the role.
Syntax
sp_createmergepalrole [ @publication = ] 'publication' 

Arguments
[@publication = ] 'publication' 

The publication name. publication is sysname, with no default. This parameter is used to select the publication to use when re-creating a role used by merge replication. 

Return Code Values
0 (success) or 1 (failure)
Remarks

Running sp_createmergepalrole adds a new row to the sysusers table for the new role. The name of this new role is based on the value of the pubid column in the sysmergepublications table for the given publication. The prefix of the role name is 'MSMerge_' and the pubid value is appended (without the hyphens) to the role name.

Permissions

Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role or db_owner fixed database role can run sp_createmergepalrole.
5.3.12 New Requirements for Subscriptions Created by Non-sysadmin Users
Introduced in SP3

If a subscription is created by a user who is not a member of the sysadmin fixed server role, you must do one of the following:
  • Configure the SQL Server Agent proxy account with a login and password so that the SQL Server Agent job step associated with the replication agent runs with sufficient privileges. For more information, see the topic "xp_sqlagent_proxy_account" in SQL Server Books Online.
  • Change the owner of the job step to a user that is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role before running the agent.
Note The remote agent activation feature always requires the job step to run in the context of a user account in the sysadmin fixed server role.
5.3.13 Changes to Permissions for Stored Procedures
Introduced in SP3

Permissions have been changed on a number of the stored procedures used to implement, administer, and monitor a replication topology. Most of these changes involve a tightening of the permissions that are required to run the stored procedures. For more information about the new permissions, review the Transact-SQL reference documentation for the replication stored procedures in the updated version of SQL Server Books Online. For more information about the updated SQL Server Books Online, see Section 1.6 Updated Books Online Documentation Is Available.
5.3.14 New Parameter for sp_addmergearticle and sp_changemergearticle
Introduced in SP3

A new parameter, @published_in_tran_pub, has been added to both sp_addmergearticle and sp_changemergearticle. This parameter is used to indicate that an article in a merge publication is also published in a transactional publication. @published_in_tran_pub is nvarchar(5), with a default of FALSE. TRUE specifies that the article is also published in a transactional publication.

Note When you change this parameter in sp_changemergearticle, the snapshot must be invalidated and subscribers must be reinitialized.
5.3.15 New Page for Configure Publishing and Distribution Wizard
Introduced in SP3

The Configure Publishing and Distribution Wizard now includes a new page: Distributor Password. You must type a password on this page if you select one or more Publishers to use the server as a remote Distributor and one or more of those Publishers require a password. The connection between a Publisher and a remote Distributor is a hybrid of a linked server and a remote server. The connection uses the login distributor_admin. By default, the Publisher is configured as non-trusted at the remote Distributor, so a password is required.

Note If you have downloaded and installed SQL Server 2000 Books Online (Updated - SP3), this information is available when you click the Help button for the new page.
5.3.16 Changes to Windows Synchronization Manager Support
Introduced in SP3

SQL Server allows you to enable existing subscriptions (created using SQL Server Enterprise Manager, SQL-DMO, and replication stored procedures) for use with Windows Synchronization Manager. You can also create new subscriptions using Windows Synchronization Manager. After you apply the service pack, when synchronizing a subscription, Windows Synchronization Manager will prompt you to enter the password or passwords required to connect to the servers involved in the synchronization.
5.3.17 Change to Requirements for Attaching or Restoring a Replication Database
Introduced in SP3

Under a certain set of conditions, replication could malfunction in the process of attaching or restoring a published database. These conditions are:
  • SP3 or later has been applied.
  • The user attaching the database is not a member of the sysadmin fixed server role.
  • Cross-database chaining has not been allowed.
If all of these conditions are true, you should execute the sp_changedbowner stored procedure on the attached or restored database. Assign ownership to the sa built-in administrator login. This will ensure that replication functions correctly.

Note You must be a member of the sysadmin fixed server role to execute sp_changedbowner.

For more information about cross-database ownership chaining, see Section 5.1.11 Cross-Database Ownership Chaining.

5.4 SQL Server Agent Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to SQL Server Agent that are included in SP3a.
5.4.1 SQL Server Agent Logs Account Information
Introduced in SP2

The SQL Server Agent Job History now records the Windows account under which each job step runs. This information helps administrators diagnose security issues with scheduled jobs, including scheduled jobs that are defined for replication and Data Transformation Services (DTS) tasks.
5.4.2 Changes to Master/Target Server Configurations
Introduced in SP3

Multiserver administration is the process of automating administration tasks across multiple instances of SQL Server. Use multiserver administration if you manage two or more servers and you want to centralize maintenance tasks.

In SP3a, the SQL Server Agent service account does not have to be a Windows administrator unless you need to use the SQL Server Agent Proxy Account. For more information about the SQL Server Agent Proxy Account, see Section 5.7.3 SQL Server Agent Proxy Account Improvements. The SQL Server Agent service account must be a member of the sysadmin fixed server role.

With multiserver administration, you must have at least one master server and at least one target server. A master server distributes jobs to and receives events from target servers. A master server stores the central copy of job definitions for jobs that run on target servers. Target servers connect periodically to their master server to update their list of jobs to perform. If a new job exists, the target server downloads the job and disconnects from the master server. After the target server completes the job, it reconnects to the master server and reports the status of the job.

Before you apply SP3a, you must complete several steps to upgrade your SQL Server 2000 master/target server configuration. The changes that are introduced with SP3a are not compatible with SQL Server 7.0 target servers, or with any servers not running SP3a. This is a change from the original SQL Server 2000 functionality.

To upgrade your master/target server configuration
  1. Create a new MSX (master server) account on your master server. This is to prepare TSX (target server) server (or servers) for the upgrade. To do this, run the following commands.
    --Option A: Windows authentication
    EXEC sp_grantlogin 'DOMAIN\user'
    GO
    USE msdb
    GO
    EXEC sp_adduser 'DOMAIN\user', 'DOMAIN\user', 'TargetServersRole'
    GO
    
    --Option B: SQL Server authentication – see explanation below for 
    --details.
    EXEC sp_addlogin <MSXAccount>, <MSXAccountPassword>, 'msdb' 
    GO
    USE msdb
    GO
    EXEC sp_adduser <MSXAccount>, <MSXAccount>, 'TargetServersRole'
    GO
    
    Where <MSXAccount> represents the SQL Login name you choose and <MSXAccountPassword> represents the associated password.

    Note These values must be enclosed in single quotation marks.

    You have the following options when choosing an MSX account:
    • Windows Authentication. This is the most secure option, because passwords do not have to be stored, and SQL Server and SQL Server Agent can be configured without local Windows administrator rights.
    • SQL Server Authentication. This requires the SQL Server Agent service accounts to have local Window administrator rights because SQL Server stores the user name and password as a local security authority (LSA) secret, and access is restricted to local Windows administrators. You can create an account for all TSX servers, or you can create one account for each TSX server.
    Do not specify a SQL Server Agent probe account (<computer_name>_msx_probe_login). As part of the upgrade to SP3 or later, SQL Server removes the old probe accounts because the TSX servers no longer use them.
  2. Upgrade your TSX servers to SP3a one at a time. (Before you apply the service pack, see Step 3 for more information about timing your upgrade.)
  3. To minimize down time, run the extended stored procedure xp_sqlagent_msx_account on each TSX server shortly after the SP3a update is complete.

    Note After running xp_sqlagent_msx_account, SQL Agent must be stopped and restarted on each server.

    For more information about xp_sqlagent_msx_account, see Section 5.4.3 New SQL Server Agent Extended Stored Procedure.
  4. Apply SP3a to your master server. The old _msx_probe accounts are removed by SP3a Setup, because the TSX servers no longer use them. If an account owns SQL Agent jobs, the account is not removed, and you must change the owner of the jobs to another user and manually remove these accounts. If you want to continue to use the old _msx_probe accounts that own SQL Agent jobs, you may have to change the password of the _msx_probe account.
5.4.3 New SQL Server Agent Extended Stored Procedure
Introduced in SP3

SP3a includes a new extended stored procedure that allows you to configure the account that the SQL Server Agent TSX server uses to download instructions from an MSX server. This account is also known as the MSX account, or master server account.

xp_sqlagent_msx_account

The xp_sqlagent_msx_account extended stored procedure sets or retrieves the SQL Server Agent MSX account user name and password to or from the LSA secrets on the TSX server. Only members of the securityadmin fixed server role can run this extended stored procedure.

Before you can execute this extended stored procedure, SQL Server Agent must be running. In addition, if the account specified is a SQL Server login, SQL Server Agent must have local Windows administrator rights. SQL Server Agent stores the user name and password as an LSA secret, and access is restricted to local Windows administrators.
Syntax
xp_sqlagent_msx_account

    {N'GET' |

    N'SET' | N'DEL', N'MSX_domain_name', N'MSX_username', N'MSX_password'

    }

Arguments
N'GET' 

Retrieves the current SQL Server Agent MSX account. N'GET' is an nvarchar with no default. The password is not reported for security reasons.

N'SET'

Sets the account to be used as the SQL Server Agent MSX account. Use the MSX_username, and MSX_password parameters to specify the account to use as the SQL Server Agent MSX account. N'SET' is an nvarchar with no default.

N'DEL'

Deletes the SQL Server Agent MSX account.

'MSX_domain_name'

Reserved for future use.

'MSX_username'

The name of the Windows account to be used as the SQL Server Agent MSX account. Specify an empty string for this parameter and MSX_password to select Windows security. In this case, the SQL Server Agent service account credentials are used to log on to the MSX server. MSX_username is an nvarchar with no default.

'MSX_password'

The password for the SQL Server account specified in MSX_username. Specify an empty string for this parameter and the MSX_username to select Windows security. In this case, the SQL Server Agent service account credentials are used to log in to the MSX server. MSX_password is an nvarchar with no default.

Note Parameters for xp_sqlagent_msx_account must be specified in order. Named parameters cannot be used.
Return Code Values

Returns a value of 0 on success or 1 on failure
When xp_sqlagent_msx_account fails and returns a value of 1, SQL Server generates an error message with information about the error.
Result Sets

If a SQL Server Agent MSX account has been set, xp_sqlagent_msx_account returns a result set with the following information when you specify N'GET'.
Collapse this tableExpand this table
ColumnData typeDescription
domainsysnameN/A. Reserved for future use.
usernamesysnameAccount used as the SQL Server Agent MSX account.
If a SQL Server Agent MSX account has not been set, or if N'SET' is specified, no result set is returned.

Permissions

Execute permissions for xp_sqlagent_msx_account default to members of the securityadmin fixed server role.

Examples
  • Retrieve the currently assigned SQL Server Agent MSX account

    The following example retrieves the account currently assigned for use as the SQL Server Agent MSX account:

    EXEC master.dbo.xp_sqlagent_msx_account N'GET'
  • Set the SQL Server Agent MSX Account to use Windows Authentication

    The following example sets the SQL Server Agent MSX account to use Windows Authentication:
    EXEC master.dbo.xp_sqlagent_msx_account N'SET',
       N'',  -- Reserved for future use 
       N'',  -- MSX_username
       N''  -- MSX_password
    
  • Set the SQL Server Agent MSX account to SQL Server Authentication

    The following example sets the SQL Server Agent MSX account to Ralph and specifies a password:
    EXEC master.dbo.xp_sqlagent_msx_account N'SET',
       N'',  -- Reserved for future use 
       N'Ralph',  -- MSX_username
       N'RalphPwd'  -- MSX_password
    
  • Delete the SQL Server Agent MSX account

    The following example deletes the SQL Server Agent MSX account. This means that SQL Server Agent defaults to Windows integrated security authentication.


    EXEC master.dbo.xp_sqlagent_msx_account N'DEL'
5.4.4 SQL Server Agent Permission Checks
Introduced in SP3

SQL Server now checks to ensure that the Agent job owner has permission to append or overwrite the output log file from each job. This happens in three ways:
  • If the job owner is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role, the job output log file can be written to the server.
  • If the job owner is a Windows user, SQL Server tests to see if the user has permission to write to the selected job output log file location on the server.
  • If the job owner is a SQL Server user, SQL Server tests the SQL Server Agent proxy account for permission to write to the selected job output log file location on the server. If the proxy account has not been set, no log is written.
In all cases, jobs are written with SQL Server Agent credentials, but SQL Server now tests to ensure the user has permission to write to the selected job output log file location on the server. Errors appear in the job history, but the job steps do not fail if the log file cannot be written.
5.4.5 SQL Agent Mail MAPI Profiles
Introduced in SP3

In the 32-bit version of SQL Server 2000, SQL Agent Mail can be configured to use an Extended MAPI e-mail profile for sending e-mail alerts. You can use an Extended MAPI e-mail application, such as Microsoft Outlook, to create an Extended MAPI profile. In the 64-bit version of SQL Server 2000, SQL Agent Mail can only use a Simple MAPI profile for sending e-mail alerts. Do not use Simple MAPI profiles in the 32-bit version of SQL Server 2000.

5.5 SQL Server Connectivity Components Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to connectivity components of SQL Sever 2000 that are included with SP3a.
5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components
Introduced in SP3a

SP3a includes updates to the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC). When you install SP3a, MDAC 2.7 Service Pack 1a is also installed. MDAC 2.7 SP1a has no feature changes from the version of MDAC installed by SQL Server 2000 (MDAC 2.6), but it does include fixes and security enhancements. MDAC 2.7 SP1a includes an upgrade to MSXML 3 SP3.

Note This version of MDAC is not installed if Setup detects the same version or a newer version.

For more information about this version of MDAC, see the Microsoft Universal Data Access Web site at this page on microsoft.com. Fixes included in this version of MDAC will be documented in Knowledge Base article 326848. You can access this article from the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base.
5.5.2 Support for QLogic Virtual Interface Architecture
Introduced in SP3

SQL Server now supports QLogic Virtual Interface Architecture (VIA) System Area Network (SAN) implementations. To enable SQL Server support for connections over QLogic VIA, both the client and server computers must provide IP address resolution in a file named Vihosts in the appropriate Windows system32\drivers\etc folder.
The Vihosts file should be formatted as follows:

<VI IP Address of server computer> <SERVER_COMPUTERNAME>

<VI IP Address of client computer> <CLIENT_COMPUTERNAME>

For example:

139.4.130.1  SQLCOMPUTER

139.4.130.2  SQLCLIENT

Use IP addresses from the respective QLogic VIA network cards and actual computer names. Otherwise, connections cannot be made to named instances or with other IP protocols such as TCP or Named Pipes. The Vihosts file is not necessary for Giganet VIA connectivity.

Note You must identify the correct VIA vendor on client computers by using Client Network Utility. Select the appropriate value in the Vendor drop-down box. The corresponding action should also be completed on server computers through Server Network Utility.

5.6 Meta Data Services Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to SQL Server 2000 Meta Data Services that are included with SP3a.
5.6.1 Meta Data Browser Exports in Unicode
Introduced in SP1

Meta Data Browser now exports XML-based meta data in Unicode. Before SQL Server 2000 SP1, the browser exported ANSI code, which does not support non-English characters. This functional change is invisible to the user. As of this SP3a release, exported data is always expressed as Unicode. You can still export in ANSI code by setting the value of the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Repository\Engine\XMLExport to 0. The following list represents the values that you can set for this registry key:
  • NOOBJID=1
  • NOHEADER=2
  • INDENTATION=4
  • UNICODE=8
  • LOGUNMAPPEDTAGS=16
  • EXPORTBASE=32
For more information about each flag, see "IExport::Export Method" in SQL Server Books Online.
5.6.2 Scripting Support Disabled
Introduced in SP3

Script support in information models has been disabled. After installing SP3a, you receive the following error if your application accesses a property or method for which a script is defined:
EREP_SCRIPTS_NOTENABLED

To enable script support

If you need to continue executing scripts, you can use the following procedure to create a registry setting that enables script support.
  • Open Registry Editor and navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft.
  • Create a registry key named Repository (if one does not already exist), and then create a sub-key named Engine so that the path equals Repository\Engine.
  • On the Engine registry key, add a new DWORD value named AllowScripting and set the value to 1. If you want to disable scripting later, set the value of this new registry key to 0.
Important You should always secure information models and the repository database to prevent unauthorized access.
5.6.3 New RepositoryUser Role for Accessing Repository Information
Introduced in SP3

SQL Server includes in the msdb database a set of tables, stored procedures, and views that store information used by the Meta Data Services repository engine. In SP3, a new dedicated role named RepositoryUser was added and must be used to access and update repository information. This role has been granted create, read, update, delete, and execute permissions on these objects. The public role no longer has permissions on these objects. .

This change affects existing repository objects in addition to any additional objects created by the repository engine in the future. Users and applications that access the repository through the public role must be added to the RepositoryUser role.

5.7 Data Transformation Services Enhancements

This section discusses enhancements to SQL Server 2000 Data Transformation Services that are included with SP3a.
5.7.1 DTS Wizard No Longer Limits String Columns to 255 Characters
Introduced in SP2

When you export data to a text file, the DTS Import/Export Wizard now configures the package to write up to 8000 characters of any column containing string-type data.
5.7.2 Security Context Logged for DTS Packages Run by SQL Server Agent


Introduced in SP2

SQL Server Agent records the security context under which each step in a job runs. In SP3 or later, the security context appears in the Job History dialog box. When you run a DTS package from a step in a job, the SQL Server Agent logs the user account under which the package runs. This information helps administrators diagnose permission and authentication issues that occur when DTS packages are scheduled to run on a server.
5.7.3 SQL Server Agent Proxy Account Improvements
Introduced in SP2

Prior to SP2, DTS packages stored on the server could not be run under the credentials of the SQL Server Agent Proxy Account unless the proxy account had access to the user Temp folder for the account under which either the server (in the case of jobs run from xp_cmdshell), or the agent (in the case of agent jobs) was running. Because of this, users often had to adjust the TEMP environment variable for the SQL Server or SQL Agent startup account to point to a directory that was accessible to both the startup and the proxy accounts, such as C:\Temp. For SP2 and later, DTS has been enhanced to use the system Temp folder if the user Temp folder is unavailable, greatly reducing the need for these adjustments.
5.7.4 Save to Meta Data Services Disabled by Default
Introduced in SP3

By default, SP3 and later disables the option to store DTS packages in Meta Data Services. This means that the Meta Data Services option does not appear in the Location drop-down list in the Save DTS Packages dialog box. In addition, this option is disabled on the Save, schedule, and replicate package page in the DTS Import/Export Wizard.

To allow packages to be saved in Meta Data Services
  • In SQL Server Enterprise Manager, right-click the Data Transformation Services node, click Properties, and then click Enable Save to Meta Data Services.
Note You must be logged on with administrator privileges to modify this property.

When the option to store packages in Meta Data Service is disabled, you can load existing packages from Meta Data Services, edit them, and save them to Meta Data Services using the Save option. However, Meta Data Services is not available from the Save As option. For example, you cannot re-save a package to Meta Data Services using a different name.

5.8 XML Enhancements

The following topic discusses an enhancement for XML and SQLXML in SP3a.
5.8.1 Improved Validation of XPath Expressions
Introduced in SP3

Prior to SP3, the version of MSXML that was installed with SQL Server 2000 (MSXML 2.6) permitted a predicate in an XPath expression to follow the special character abbreviation that identifies the current context node, which is denoted by a period (.) in XPath syntax. This violates the XPath syntax specification, which requires that this character be followed by a location path expression.

When you apply SP3 or later, an updated version of MSXML (3.0 SP3) is installed as part of the MDAC upgrade. For more information, see Section 5.5.1 Updates to Microsoft Data Access Components.

With the new version of MSXML, a predicate cannot immediately follow the current context node abbreviation special character. XPath expressions in SQLXML queries (XPath queries against annotated mapping schemas and in XSLT style sheets written to transform the results of SQLXML queries) that use the faulty syntax will fail after you upgrade to SP3 or later

To prevent these failures, identify and fix any expressions that use the incorrect syntax. For example, the syntax of the XPath expression that is specified as the value of the test attribute in the following xsl:if element is not valid because the predicate, [@ResourceTypeID='2'], immediately follows the special character abbreviation that identifies the current context node.

The following statement, which previously did not generate an error, will fail after SP3 or later is installed.
xsl:if test=".[@ResourceTypeID='2']">
To prevent a failure, the XPath expression must be amended as follows:

<xsl:if test="@ResourceTypeID='2'">

5.9 Virtual Backup Device API Enhancements

The following item applies to the SQL Server 2000 Virtual Backup Device API.
5.9.1 Capturing Multiple Databases in a Single Snapshot

Introduced in SP2

The Virtual Backup Device API allows ISVs to integrate SQL Server 2000 into their products. This API is engineered to provide maximum reliability and performance. It fully supports the backup and restore functionality of SQL Server 2000, including the complete range of hot and snapshot backup capabilities.

In SP1 and earlier, there was no way to freeze and back up more than a single database at one time. SP3 or later now provides server-side support for freezing and capturing multiple databases in a single snapshot through the VDC_PrepareToFreeze command.

The Virtual Backup Device Specification in SP3a contains updated information about the VDC_PrepareTo Freeze command. An updated version of the Virtual Device Interface header file (Vdi.h) can be found at \Devtools\Include in the SP3a setup directory

You can download the updated specification from the Microsoft Download center at the Microsoft SQL Server Downloads Web site.

5.10 Error Reporting

Introduced in SP3

Microsoft SQL Server error reporting is disabled by default. You can enable it during installation through SQL Server Setup or Analysis Services Setup, or after installation through the Server Properties dialog box in Enterprise Manager or the Server Properties dialog box in Analysis Manager. Enabling error reporting while you are running SQL Server Setup allows error reporting for the SQL Server database engine and SQL Server Agent. Enabling error reporting while you are running Analysis Services Setup allows error reporting for Analysis Services. If you want to enable error reporting for both SQL Server and Analysis Services, you must enable error reporting for SQL Server while running SQL Server Setup and Analysis Services while running Analysis Services Setup.

If you enable this feature, SQL Server is configured to send a report to Microsoft automatically if a fatal error occurs in the SQL Server database engine, in SQL Server Agent, or in SQL Server Analysis Services. Microsoft uses error reports to improve SQL Server functionality and treats all information as confidential.

Information about errors is sent over a secure (HTTPS) connection to Microsoft, where it is stored with limited access. Alternatively, this information can be sent to your own Corporate Error Reporting server.

The error report contains the following information
  • The condition of SQL Server when the problem occurred.
  • The operating system version and computer hardware information.
  • Your digital Product ID, which can be used to identify your license.
  • The network IP address of your computer.
  • Information from memory or files of the process that caused the error.
Microsoft does not intentionally collect your files, name, address, e-mail address, or any other form of personal information. The error report can, however, contain customer-specific information from the memory or files of the process that caused the error. Although this information can potentially be used to determine your identity, Microsoft does not use this information for that purpose.

For the Microsoft error reporting data collection policy, see this Microsoft Web site (http://wer.microsoft.com/responses/en-us/dcp20.aspx) .

If you enable error reporting and a fatal error occurs, you may see a response from Microsoft in the Windows Event log that points to a Microsoft Knowledge Base article about a particular error. A response may look similar to the following example:
Source = MSSQLServerOlapServicesDW 
EventID = 1010
data = http://support.microsoft.com/support/misc/kblookup.asp?id=Q123456
&iBucketTable=1&iBucket=39980&Cab=21474432.cab&LCID=1033
&OS=5.1.2600.2.00010100.0.0
To disable error reporting for the SQL Server database engine and SQL Server Agent, go to SQL Server Properties (General Tab) in Enterprise Manager and clear the Enable the error reporting check box. To disable error reporting for Analysis Services, go to Server Properties in Analysis Manager and clear the Enable Error Reporting check box. If error reporting is enabled for both SQL Server (database engine and SQL Server Agent) and Analysis Services, you must disable error reporting for SQL Server and Analysis Services individually.

5.11 English Query Enhancements

Introduced in SP21

Microsoft has released a security enhancement for English Query applications. This enhancement is not installed as a part of the service pack. However, it is recommended that you apply it if you use English Query. The security enhancement is located on the SP3a CD-ROM in the folder \EQHotfix. Details about the English Query enhancement are available at the Microsoft Product Support Services Knowledge Base. Search the Knowledge Base for article 297105.

5.12 DB-Library and Embedded SQL for C

Introduced in SP1

While the DB-Library and Embedded SQL for C APIs are still supported in SQL Server 2000, no future versions of SQL Server will include the files that are necessary to program applications that use these APIs. Connections from existing applications written using DB-Library and Embedded SQL for C will still be supported in the next version of SQL Server, but this support will be dropped in a future release. When writing new applications, avoid using these components. When modifying existing applications, you are strongly encouraged to remove dependencies on these technologies. Instead of DB-Library or Embedded SQL for C, you can use ADO, OLE DB, or ODBC to access data in SQL Server. For more information about these technologies, see SQL Server Books Online.

APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine (MSDE) SP3a
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Evaluation Edition
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbinfo KB889551
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